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Institutional Investors, Financial Sector Development And Economic Growth in OECD Countries


  • Kuhan Harichandra

    () (National University of Singapore)

  • S. M. Thangavelu

    (National University of Singapore)


This paper studies the role of institutional investors (pension fund, insurance companies and investment companies) in the development of the financial sector and economic growth in OECD countries by employing a dynamic panel VAR. While pervious studies in this area have mainly focused on contractual savings institutions of pension funds and insurance companies, we provide a consistent analysis of institutional investors that includes pension funds, insurance companies, and investment companies both at the aggregated and disaggregated levels. At the aggregate level, we found that institutional investors significantly Granger causes stock market developments and economic growth. However, we do not find such evidence with the banks. At the disaggregated level, we found that market capitalization Ganger causes the development of contractual savings institutions of pension funds and insurance companies. While these contractual savings institutions Granger causes liquidity and turnover in the stock market, the results suggest that the maturity and large coverage of these institutional investors have diluted the impact in deepening the stock market. In turn, the ‘risk averseness’ of these contractual savings institutions in holding large capitalized and diversified stock portfolio verifies the reverse causality evidence. Contrary to a passive ‘buy and hold’ strategy, the unidirection causality to both market liquidity and turnover verifies that contractual savings institutions actively manage their portfolios. Another key finding of this study is the significant role of investment companies in Granger causing both financial sector development and economic growth. While both contractual savings institutions exhibit uni -directional causality on economic growth, we found a dynamic relationship between investment companies and growth due to the risk taking activities of investment companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuhan Harichandra & S. M. Thangavelu, 2004. "Institutional Investors, Financial Sector Development And Economic Growth in OECD Countries," Departmental Working Papers wp0405, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:nus:nusewp:wp0405

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Zalewska, Anna, 2006. "Is locking domestic funds into the local market beneficial? Evidence from the Polish pension reforms," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 339-360, December.

    More about this item


    Institutional Investors; Financial Sector Development; Economic Growth; Causality;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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