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Labour and Health in Colonial Nigeria

  • Vellore Arthi

    ()

    (University of Oxford)

  • James Fenske

    ()

    (University of Oxford)

We examine the determinants of time allocation and child labour in a year-long panel of time-use data from colonial Nigeria. Using quantitative and ethnographic approaches, we show that health shocks imposed time costs on individuals. Whether individuals could recruit substitutes depended on social standing, urgency of work, and type of illness. Child labour did not systematically respond to temporary parental illness, but could replace a permanently disabled adult. Child labour was coordinated with parental work, aided childcare, and allowed children to build skills and resources. These decisions can be understood within an endogenous bargaining power framework with labour complementarities.

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File URL: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/papers/12743/arthifenske114.pdf
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Paper provided by Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford in its series Oxford University Economic and Social History Series with number _114.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: 01 May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nuf:esohwp:_114
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.nuff.ox.ac.uk/economics/

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