Financing Japan’s World War II Occupation of Southeast Asia
This paper analyzes how Japan financed its World War II occupation of Southeast Asia, the transfer of resources to Japan, and the monetary and inflation consequences of Japanese policies. In Malaya, Burma, Indonesia and the Philippines, the issue of military scrip to pay for resources and occupying armies greatly increased money supply. Despite high inflation ,hyperinflation hardly occurred because of a sustained transactions demand for money, because of Japan’s strong enforcement of monetary monopoly, and because of declining Japanese military capability to ship resources home. In Thailand and Indochina, occupation costs and bilateral clearing arrangements created near open-ended Japanese purchasing power and allowed the transfer to Japan of as much as a third of Indochina’s annual GDP. Although the Thai and Indochinese governments financed Japanese demands mainly by printing large quantities of money, inflation rose only in line with monetary expansion due to money’s continued use as a store of value in rice-surplus areas.
|Date of creation:||31 Oct 2012|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.nuff.ox.ac.uk/economics/|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Michael Bruno, 1990. "High Inflation and the Nominal Anchors of an Open Economy," NBER Working Papers 3518, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Filippo Occhino & Kim Oosterlinck & Eugene Nelson White, 2008.
"How much can a victor force the vanquished to pay? France under the nazi boot,"
ULB Institutional Repository
2013/142695, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
- Occhino, Filippo & Oosterlinck, Kim & White, Eugene N., 2008. "How Much Can a Victor Force the Vanquished to Pay? France under the Nazi Boot," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 68(01), pages 1-45, March.
- Filippo Occhino & Kim Oosterlinck & Eugene N. White, 2006.
"How Occupied France Financed Its Own Exploitation in World War II,"
NBER Working Papers
12137, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Eugene N. White & Filippo Occhino & Kim Oosterlinck, 2007. "How Occupied France Financed Its Own Exploitation in World War II," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 295-299, May.
- Filippo Occhino & Kim Oosterlinck & Eugene Nelson White, 2007. "How occupied france financed its own exploitation in world war II," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/142694, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
- van der Eng, Pierre, 1992. "The real domestic product of Indonesia, 1880-1989," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 343-373, July.
- Thomas J. Sargent, 1982.
"The Ends of Four Big Inflations,"
in: Inflation: Causes and Effects, pages 41-98
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 8973, April.
- Fischer, Stanley, 1982. "Seigniorage and the Case for a National Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(2), pages 295-313, April.
- Kim Oosterlinck & Filippo Occhino & Eugene N. White, 2006. "How occupied France financed its own exploitation during WW2," Working Papers CEB 06-012.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nuf:esohwp:_109. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Maxine Collett)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.