Optimal Monetary Policy with Asymmetric Targets
We investigate the derivation of optimal interest rate rules in a simple stochastic framework. The monetary authority chooses to minimise an asymmetric loss function made up of the sum of squared components, where the monetary authority places positive weight on squared negative (positive) deviations of output (inflation) and zero weight on squared positive (negative) deviations. Recent approaches to monetary policy under asymmetric preferences have emphasised the adoption of a linear exponential (linex) preference structure. This paper presents a new and different analytic methodology that is based on the explicit calculation of semi-variances. This approach can be used to derive precise coefficients of the optimal interest rate rules. We derive optimal interest rate rules based on two different informational assumptions. In the first case, which we call a fixed interest rate rule, the monetary authority knows only the structure of the economy and the variance of sectoral shocks so that interest rates must take a constant value. In the second case, which we call a flexible interest rate rule, the monetary also has access to additional information in that it can observe the contemporaneous inflation rate. In this second case, we restrict our analysis to the class of linear interest rate rules. The more standard approach in the literature derives optimal monetary policy rules using symmetric loss functions, where monetary policy is designed to minimise the sum of squared components. We also compare optimal interest rate rules under both symmetric and asymmetric loss functions.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2009|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Department of Economics, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia|
Web page: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Web: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/research/papers/ Email: |
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Cukierman, Alex & Meltzer, Allan H, 1986. "A Theory of Ambiguity, Credibility, and Inflation under Discretion and Asymmetric Information," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(5), pages 1099-1128, September.
- Roger N. Waud, 1975.
"Asymmetric policymaker utility functions and optimal policy under uncertainty,"
Special Studies Papers
57, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- Waud, Roger N, 1976. "Asymmetric Policymaker Utility Functions and Optimal Policy Under Uncertainty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(1), pages 53-66, January.
- Ruge-Murcia, F.J., 2001.
"Inflation Targeting Under Asymmetric Preferences,"
Cahiers de recherche
2001-04, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Francisco Javier Ruge-Murcia, 2001. "Inflation Targeting Under Asymmetric Preferences," IMF Working Papers 01/161, International Monetary Fund.
- Francisco J. Ruge-Murcia, 2001. "Inflation Targeting Under Asymmetric Preferences," Working Papers 0106, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
- RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco .J., 2001. "Inflation Targeting Under Asymmetric Preferences," Cahiers de recherche 2001-04, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Peter J. Stemp, 2009. "Optimal Interest Rate Rules Under One-Sided Output and Inflation Targets," Monash Economics Working Papers 32-09, Monash University, Department of Economics.
- Peter Stemp, 1993. "Optimal money supply rules under asymmetric objective criteria," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 215-232, October.
- Surico, Paolo, 2007. "The Fed's monetary policy rule and U.S. inflation: The case of asymmetric preferences," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 305-324, January.
- Virginie Boinet & Christopher Martin, 2008.
"Targets, zones, and asymmetries: a flexible nonlinear model of recent UK monetary policy,"
Oxford Economic Papers,
Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 423-439, July.
- Virginie Boinet & Christopher Martin, 2005. "Targets, Zones and Asymmetries:A Flexible Nonlinear Model of Recent UK Monetary Policy," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 05-21, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
- William Poole, 1970. "Optimal Choice of Monetary Policy Instruments in a Simple Stochastic Macro Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(2), pages 197-216.
- William Poole, 1969.
"Optimal choice of monetary policy instruments in a simple stochastic macro model,"
Special Studies Papers
2, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- William Poole, 1970. "Optimal choice of monetary policy instruments in a simple stochastic macro model," Staff Studies 57, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- A. Robert Nobay & David A. Peel, 2003. "Optimal Discretionary Monetary Policy in a Model of Asymmetric Central Bank Preferences," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(489), pages 657-665, 07.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2009-33=. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Simon Angus)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.