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Shareholder and creditor legal rights and the outcome model of dividends

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  • Thomas O'Connor

    (Department of Economics Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland, Maynooth)

  • Julie Byrne

    (Department of Economics Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland, Maynooth)

Abstract

In a sample of 22,374 firms from 35 countries, we examine the role of creditor rights, shareholder rights, and corporate governance in determining corporate dividend policy. We find that, while all three variables play a significant role in determining both the likelihood and the dividend amount, the effect of country-level creditor rights dominate. In subsequent analysis, we show that the outcome model is most effective in countries with strong creditor rights. When creditor rights are weak, creditors demand, and firms consent to lower dividends. These findings show that creditors, and not shareholders, exert the greatest influence over corporate dividend policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas O'Connor & Julie Byrne, 2012. "Shareholder and creditor legal rights and the outcome model of dividends," Economics Department Working Paper Series n225-12.pdf, Department of Economics, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
  • Handle: RePEc:may:mayecw:n225-12.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Atanassov, Julian & Mandell, Aaron J., 2018. "Corporate governance and dividend policy: Evidence of tunneling from master limited partnerships," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 106-132.
    2. Nilakshi Borah & Hui Liang James & Jung Chul Park, 2020. "Does CEO inside debt compensation benefit both shareholders and debtholders?," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 54(1), pages 159-203, January.
    3. Byrne, Julie & O'Connor, Thomas, 2017. "How do creditors respond to disclosure quality? Evidence from corporate dividend payouts," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 154-172.
    4. Li, Jialong & Maung, Min & Wilson, Craig, 2018. "Governance and financial development: A cross-country analysis," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 227-239.
    5. Byrne, Julie & O’Connor, Thomas, 2017. "Creditor rights, culture and dividend payout policy," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 60-77.
    6. Tran, Quoc Trung & Alphonse, Pascal & Nguyen, Xuan Minh, 2017. "Dividend policy: Shareholder rights and creditor rights under the impact of the global financial crisis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 502-512.
    7. Gonzalez, Maximiliano & Molina, Carlos A. & Pablo, Eduardo & Rosso, John W., 2017. "The effect of ownership concentration and composition on dividends: Evidence from Latin America," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 1-18.
    8. Lepetit, L. & Meslier, C. & Strobel, F. & Wardhana, L., 2018. "Bank dividends, agency costs and shareholder and creditor rights," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 93-111.
    9. Tahir, Muhammad & Ibrahim, Haslindar & Zulkafli, Abdul Hadi & Mushtaq, Muhammad, 2020. "Corruption, national culture, law and dividend repatriation policy," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 57.
    10. Tran, Quoc Trung, 2020. "Creditor protection, shareholder protection and investment efficiency: New evidence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dividend policy; creditor rights; shareholder rights; corporate governance.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G35 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Payout Policy

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