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Zur Reform der deutschen Arbeitslosenversicherung ; Probleme und Lösungsansätze in der deutschen Literatur

  • Hans H. Glismann
  • Klaus Schrader
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    Ausgangspunkt der Analyse ist der Anstieg der Arbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland seit den siebziger Jahren. Es wird untersucht, ob die Arbeitslosenversicherung dazu beigetragen hat, die Arbeitslosigkeit zu senken. Die deskriptive Analyse und auch die vorliegenden empirischen Untersuchungen zur Wirkungsweise der deutschen Arbeitslosenversicherung deuten darauf hin, daß dies nicht der Fall war. Die Diskussion zur Reform der Arbeitslosenversicherung seit den achtziger Jahren spiegelt das bestehende Unbehagen mit dem System der Arbeitslosenversicherung wider. Die Reformvorschläge sind durchweg wenig radikal; die oft angedeuteten versicherungstheoretischen Bedenken gegen einen tiefgreifenden Systemwechsel erweisen sich als diskussionswürdig. The analysis is about the compulsory German unemployment insurance system (GUIS). It is known that GUIS has done nothing to prevent the continuous rise of the rate of unemployment since the 1970s. The empirical literature about GUIS indicates that the few endeavours to increase incentives to work have been intramarginal. Concomitant to the failing GUIS a body of literature on reforming the system of unemployment insurance has arisen, most of it aiming at marginal reforms only. It turns out that theoretical problems of insurability are considered to be the main obstacles of a sweeping change.

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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 995.

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    Length: 64 pages
    Date of creation: Jul 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:995
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    1. Martin Feldstein & Daniel Altman, 2007. "Unemployment Insurance Savings Accounts," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 21, pages 35-64 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Genosko, Joachim & Hirte, Georg & Weber, Reinhard, 1999. "Quersubventionierung in der Arbeitslosenversicherung," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 79(1), pages 44-49.
    3. Michael G Faure, 1995. "The Limits to Insurability from a Law and Economics Perspective," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 20(4), pages 454-462, October.
    4. Jennifer Hunt, 1992. "The Effect of Unemployment Compensation on Unemployment Duration in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 50, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Wolfgang Franz, 1980. "The Reservation Wage of Unemployed Persons in the Federal Republic of Germany: Theory and Empirical Tests," NBER Working Papers 0578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, December.
    7. Orszag, Mike & Snower, Dennis J., 2002. "Unemployment Vouchers versus Low-Wage Subsidies," IZA Discussion Papers 537, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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