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The determinants of urban concentration

  • Junius, Karsten
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    Urban concentration differs across countries. One determinant of these differences is economic development, which first increases and subsequently decreases urban concentration. I condition the degree of urban concentration on the potential of countries to develop a balanced urban system. These conditions are approximated by the land area, population density and density of the transportation system, which all decrease urban concentration. It is also found that countries with a long independent urban history have lower degrees of urban concentration than countries with a recent colonial past. Furthermore, I assess the impact of some historic variables and historic patterns of urban concentration on current patterns of concentration.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/46918/1/258084847.pdf
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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 835.

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    Date of creation: 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:835
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    1. Ades, Alberto F & Glaeser, Edward L, 1995. "Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(1), pages 195-227, February.
    2. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Hsing, Yu, 1990. "A note on functional forms and the urban size distribution," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 73-79, January.
    4. Jonathan Eaton & Zvi Eckstein, 1994. "Cities and Growth: Theory and Evidence from France and Japan," NBER Working Papers 4612, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Parr, John B., 1985. "A note on the size distribution of cities over time," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 199-212, September.
    6. Hanson, Gordon H, 1996. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization, and Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1266-78, December.
    7. Moomaw, Ronald L. & Shatter, Ali M., 1996. "Urbanization and Economic Development: A Bias toward Large Cities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 13-37, July.
    8. Summers, Robert & Heston, Alan, 1991. "The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 327-68, May.
    9. Alperovich, Gershon, 1992. "Economic Development and Population Concentration," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 41(1), pages 63-74, October.
    10. Kamerschen, David R, 1969. "Further Analysis of Overurbanization," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(2), pages 235-53, January.
    11. Junius, Karsten, 1997. "Economies of scale: A survey of the empirical literature," Kiel Working Papers 813, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    12. Syrquin, Moshe, 1988. "Patterns of structural change," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 203-273 Elsevier.
    13. Rosen, Kenneth T. & Resnick, Mitchel, 1980. "The size distribution of cities: An examination of the Pareto law and primacy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 165-186, September.
    14. Mera, Koichi, 1973. "On the Urban Agglomeration and Economic Efficiency," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 309-24, January.
    15. Kim, Sukkoo, 1995. "Expansion of Markets and the Geographic Distribution of Economic Activities: The Tends in U.S. Regional Manufacturing Structure, 1860-1987," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 881-908, November.
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