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Sozialtransfer und Arbeitsangebot

  • Siebert, Horst
  • Stähler, Frank

In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Wirkung einer veränderten Regelung für Sozialhilfe auf das Arbeitsangebot. Die unterstellte Neuregelung zeichnet sich dadurch aus, daß der implizite Steuersatz für das Arbeitseinkommen von Transferempfängern von derzeit 100 vH auf einen niedrigeren Wert gesenkt wird. Zwar nimmt das Arbeitsangebot derjenigen zu, die bisher Sozialhilfe empfangen haben. Aber der Kreis der Transferempfänger wird erweitert, da die Neuregelung auch für Haushalte gilt, die bisher keine Transfers erhalten haben. Sie können ihr Arbeitsangebot senken. Wir zeigen, daß der Gesamteffekt auf das Arbeitsangebot völlig unbestimmt ist, wenn die neue Transferregelung die Grenze erhöht, bei der ein Haushalt durch Transfers oder durch Arbeit allein das gleiche Einkommen erzielt. Entscheidend für die Veränderung des gesamten Arbeitsangebots ist nicht nur das Anpassungsverhalten derjenigen Haushalte, die unter der Neuregelung dasselbe Einkommen mit geringerem Arbeitseinsatz realisieren können, sondern auch der Haushalte, deren Arbeitseinsatz unter der alten Regelung der neuen Gleichstandsgrenze am nächsten kam. Die Ergebnisse werden anhand einer Simulation verdeutlicht.

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Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 648.

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Date of creation: 1994
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:648
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  1. Philip K. Robins, 1985. "A Comparison of the Labor Supply Findings from the Four Negative Income Tax Experiments," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(4), pages 567-582.
  2. Fortin, B. & Truchon, M., 1990. "On Reforming the Welfare System: Workfare Meets the Negative Income Tax," Cahiers de recherche 9016, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  3. Orley Ashenfelter & Mark W. Plant, 1990. "Non-Parametric Estimates of the Labor Supply Effects of Negative Income Tax Programs," Working Papers 639, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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