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Accounting for CO2 Emissions from International Shipping: Burden Sharing under Different UNFCCC Allocation Options and Regime Scenarios

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  • Nadine Heitmann
  • Setareh Khalilian

Abstract

CO2 emissions from international shipping, which are currently unregulated, are predicted to rise from 2.7% today to 18% in 2050. International bunker fuel emissions have been excluded from any commitment in the Kyoto Protocol; the UNFCCC conference in Copenhagen also failed to bring about clear directions on how to proceed with these emissions. In this paper we investigate the various options suggested by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) of the UNFCCC for allocating CO2 emissions from international shipping to individual countries. We discuss economic and regulatory issues related to these options and the consequences of applying them. We evaluate the various options on the basis of environmental effectiveness, possibility of legal implementation, and fairness of burden sharing. We conclude that an allocation of international shipping emissions should be conducted on the basis of the operating company

Suggested Citation

  • Nadine Heitmann & Setareh Khalilian, 2010. "Accounting for CO2 Emissions from International Shipping: Burden Sharing under Different UNFCCC Allocation Options and Regime Scenarios," 1655, .
  • Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1655
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    File URL: https://www.ifw-members.ifw-kiel.de/publications/accounting-for-co2-emissions-from-international-shipping-burden-sharing-under-different-unfccc-allocation-options-and-regime-scenarios
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    Keywords

    climate change; international shipping; CO2 emissions;

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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