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Financing National Protected Area Networks Internationally � The Global Environment Facility as a Multilateral Mechanism of Transfer

  • Oliver Deke

Nationally implemented protected area measures for biodiversity conservation generate cross-border externalities. For internalizing these externalities at the international level, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has been established as a multilateral mechanism of transfer. This paper empirically analyzes the use of GEF funds for protected area projects in biodiverse developing countries. It turns out that transfers generally do not play the role of compensations in that they directly balance foregone payoffs from alternative land uses. The funds are also not primarily directed to the expansion of protected area systems but address improvements in the management of already legally designated sites.

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Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1227.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1227
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  1. P. B. Anand, 2004. "Financing the Provision of Global Public Goods," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(2), pages 215-237, 02.
  2. Louis Kaplow & Steven Shavell, 1999. "Economic Analysis of Law," NBER Working Papers 6960, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Rupert Gatti & Timo Goeschl & Ben Groom & Timothy Swanson, 2011. "The Biodiversity Bargaining Problem," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(4), pages 609-628, April.
  4. Daan van Soest & Robert Lensink, 2000. "Foreign Transfers and Tropical Deforestation: What Terms of Conditionality?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(2), pages 389-399.
  5. Todd Sandler, 1993. "Tropical Deforestation: Markets and Market Failures," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 69(3), pages 225-233.
  6. Paul J. Ferraro & R. David Simpson, 2002. "The Cost-Effectiveness of Conservation Payments," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 78(3), pages 339-353.
  7. Brandon, Katrina Eadie & Wells, Michael, 1992. "Planning for people and parks: Design dilemmas," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 557-570, April.
  8. Lewandrowski, J. & Darwin, R. F. & Tsigas, M. & Raneses, A., 1999. "Estimating costs of protecting global ecosystem diversity," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 111-125, April.
  9. Stähler, Frank, 1993. "On international compensations for environmental stocks," Kiel Working Papers 580, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  10. Charles Perrings & David Pearce, 1994. "Threshold effects and incentives for the conservation of biodiversity," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 13-28, February.
  11. Oliver Deke, 2004. "Internalizing Global Externalities from Biodiversity � Protected Areas and Multilateral Mechanisms of Transfer," Kiel Working Papers 1226, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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