Internalizing Global Externalities from Biodiversity ; Protected Areas and Multilateral Mechanisms of Transfer
Biodiversity can sometimes only be preserved if natural habitats are excluded from human uses. Such protection measures generate positive externalities at the global scale. This holds especially for protection in developing countries that host great parts of global biodiversity. For internalization, financial resources are raised on a multilateral basis and transferred to the host countries. This paper reviews the rationale for protected areas and transfer payments and summarizes empirical data. The resources provided through multilateral mechanisms - even together with official bilateral aid and private spending - fall short of estimated needs for effective protected area systems in developing countries.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2004|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Kiellinie 66, D-24105 Kiel|
Phone: +49 431 8814-1
Fax: +49 431 85853
Web page: http://www.ifw-kiel.de
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Stahler, Frank, 1994. "Biological diversity: The international management of genetic resources and its impact on biotechnology," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 227-236, December.
- Cullen, Ross, 1994. "Antarctic minerals and conservation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 143-155, July.
- Oecd, 2003. "Philanthropic Foundations and Development Co-operation," OECD Journal on Development, OECD Publishing, vol. 4(3), pages 73-148.
- Helmut Reisen & Marcelo Soto & Thomas Weithöner, 2004. "Financing Global and Regional Public Goods Through ODA: Analysis and Evidence from the OECD Creditor Reporting System," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 232, OECD Publishing.
- Mendelsohn, Robert, 1994. "Property Rights and Tropical Deforestation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 750-56, Supplemen.
- Marian Weber, 2004. "Assessing the Effectiveness of Tradable Landuse Rights for Biodiversity Conservation: An Application to Canada's Boreal Mixedwood Forest," Working Papers 2004.29, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
- Edward B. Barbier, 2000. "Biodiversity, trade and international agreements," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 27(1/2), pages 55-74, January.
- Scott Barrett, 1994. "The biodiversity supergame," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 111-122, February.
- Wagner, Ulrich J, 2001. " The Design of Stable International Environmental Agreements: Economic Theory and Political Economy," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 377-411, July.
- Oliver Deke, 2004. "Financing National Protected Area Networks Internationally ; The Global Environment Facility as a Multilateral Mechanism of Transfer," Kiel Working Papers 1227, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Theodore Panayotou, 1994. "Conservation of biodiversity and economic development: The concept of transferable development rights," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 91-110, February.
- Lewandrowski, J. & Darwin, R. F. & Tsigas, M. & Raneses, A., 1999. "Estimating costs of protecting global ecosystem diversity," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 111-125, April.
- Charles Perrings & David Pearce, 1994. "Threshold effects and incentives for the conservation of biodiversity," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(1), pages 13-28, February.
- Todd Sandler, 1993. "Tropical Deforestation: Markets and Market Failures," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 69(3), pages 225-233.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1226. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dieter Stribny)The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Dieter Stribny to update the entry or send us the correct email address
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.