Driving Forces of Venture Capital Investments in Europe: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis
Using dynamic panel estimations, this paper identifies driving forces of venture capital activity for Western European countries. Driving forces might be the liquidity of stock markets, human capital endowment, and labour market rigidities. The paper shows that these factors do not affect expansion stage investments used as a broader definition of venture capital, while they positively affect early stage investments used as a narrow definition. Thus, the results suggest not only that liquid stock markets play an important role for the development of venture capital markets but also that they are not the only factor that drives venture capital activity. This paper is part of the project European Integration, Financial Systems and Corporate Performance (EIFC) carried out within the European Commission’s specific programme “Improving the Human Research Potential and the Socio-Economic Knowledge Base”. Financial support from the European Union, DG Research (Contract No. HPSE—CT—1999—00039), is gratefully acknowledged. The project homepage is maintained by Dr. Anthony Bartzokas at www.intech.unu.edu/whoswho/index.htm
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