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Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer: Eine Aktualisierung

  • Astrid Rosenschon
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    Die Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer und ihrer Gemeinden sind beträchtlich. Für das Jahr 2001 wurde ein Betrag von insgesamt 70,6 Mrd. Euro ermittelt. Er entspricht mehr als der Hälfte des gesamten Lohnsteueraufkom­mens, das freilich um das Kindergeld reduziert ist, oder 3,4 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts. Die Finanzhilfen der Bundesländer und ihrer Gemeinden sind regional und sektoral nicht gleich verteilt. In den ostdeutschen Flächenstaaten sind sie, auf die Einwohnerzahl bezogen, rund doppelt so hoch wie in Westdeutschland. Sektoral konzentrieren sie sich auf Krisenbranchen und Binnensektoren, die keinem internationalen Wettbewerb ausgesetzt sind. Subsidies granted by German states (Länder) and municipalities are substantial and amounted to more than € 70.6 bill. in 2001. Thus, statesÂ’ expenditures for subsidies exceeded half of total wage tax revenues (after deduction of child allowances) in Germany or 3.4 per cent of German GDP. StatesÂ’ subsidies are far from evenly distributed in regional and sectoral perspective. For East German states, subsidies per inhabitant are twice as high as in West German states, excluding city states. With respect to sectoral decomposition, subsidies are granted mainly for branches suffering from economic crisis or not being subject to international competition.

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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1127.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1127
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    1. Corporate author, 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 69(17/18), pages 259-300.
    2. Arbeitsgemeinschaft deutscher wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Forschungsinstitute, 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(08), pages 3-30, 04.
    3. Klodt, Henning & Schmidt, Klaus-Dieter & Boss, Alfred & Busch, Axel & Rosenschon, Astrid & Suhr, Wolfgang, 1989. "Weltwirtschaftlicher Strukturwandel und Standortwettbewerb : die deutsche Wirtschaft auf dem Prüfstand," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 448, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Forschungsinstitute (Ed.), 2002. "Die Lage der Weltwirtschaft und der deutschen Wirtschaft im Frühjahr 2002," HWWA Reports 218, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    5. Rosenschon, Astrid, 1994. "Subventionen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland," Kiel Working Papers 617, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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