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Optionen einer effizienten Gestaltung der Arbeitslosenversicherung

  • Hans H. Glismann
  • Klaus Schrader
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    Die internationale Diskussion der letzten Jahrzehnte hat zur Frage nach einer effizienten Gestaltung der Einkommenssicherung von Arbeitslosen eine Reihe von Vorschlägen hervorgebracht, wie die von Beenstock/Brasse, Feldstein /Altman, Grubel und Orzag/Snower. Sie werden dargestellt und bewertet. Als ökonomisch beste Lösung stellt sich ein reines Versicherungsmodell heraus. Im zweiten Teil der Arbeit wird daher auf die besonders in Deutschland vorherrschenden Zweifel an der Versicherbarkeit des Arbeitslosigkeitsrisikos eingegangen; diese Zweifel sind zum Teil auch Gegenstand der Standardwerke zur Versicherungsökonomie. Es wird gezeigt, daß die Kerneinwände nicht tragfähig sind: "Moral hazard" und "Adverse selection" schließen die Versicherbarkeit des Arbeitslosigkeitsrisikos keineswegs aus. The paper is about the economically efficient design of financial transfers to the unemployed in a highly industrialized country. There have been quite a few contributions to this problem — for example by Beenstock/Brasse, Feldstein/ Altman, Grubel, Orzag/Snower — which are presented and discussed. It turns out that a true unemployment insurance would be the most efficient way to solve the transfer problem. The second part of the paper deals with often-raised objections against such a solution. For example, insurability is often denied on the ground that an unemployment insurance would be too expensive due to moral hazard and adverse selection. It is shown that neither moral hazard nor adverse selection are insurmountable obstacles to a private insurance market.

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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1052.

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    Length: 49 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2001
    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1052
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    1. Glismann, Hans H. & Schrader, Klaus, 2001. "Alternative Systeme der Arbeitslosenversicherung: das Beispiel der Vereinigten Staaten und des Vereinigten Königreichs," Kiel Working Papers 1032, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Richard J. Arnott & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 1988. "The Basic Analytics of Moral Hazard," NBER Working Papers 2484, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Glismann, Hans H. & Schrader, Klaus, 2000. "Zur Reform der deutschen Arbeitslosenversicherung: Probleme und Lösungsansätze in der deutschen Literatur," Kiel Working Papers 995, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Martin Feldstein & Daniel Altman, 2007. "Unemployment Insurance Savings Accounts," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 21, pages 35-64 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Snower, Dennis J, 1994. "Converting Unemployment Benefits into Employment Subsidies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 65-70, May.
    6. Michael G Faure, 1995. "The Limits to Insurability from a Law and Economics Perspective," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 20(4), pages 454-462, October.
    7. Michael Rothschild & Joseph Stiglitz, 1976. "Equilibrium in Competitive Insurance Markets: An Essay on the Economics of Imperfect Information," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 90(4), pages 629-649.
    8. Orszag, Mike & Snower, Dennis J., 2002. "Unemployment Vouchers versus Low-Wage Subsidies," IZA Discussion Papers 537, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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