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Beveridge-Kurven und Motivations-Mismatch

  • Björn Christensen
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    In dem vorliegenden Beitrag wird die Hypothese der Mismatch-Arbeitslosigkeit anhand von qualifikationsspezifischen Beveridge-Kurven für Westdeutschland untersucht. Die Ergebnisse zeigen dabei, dass das Mismatch für die Gruppe der Geringqualifizierten sehr viel höher ist als für die Gruppe der Qualifizierten und sich dieses Mismatch in den letzten Jahren stark erhöht hat. Für diesen Sachverhalt werden motivatorische Gründe angeführt. Der Abbau der hohen Vakanzquote innerhalb der Gruppe der Geringqualifizierten könnte zu einer Senkung der Gesamtarbeitslosenquote um gut einen halben Prozentpunkt führen. This paper deals with the hypothesis of mismatch unemployment in West Germany by calculating skills-specific Beveridge curves. The results show that the mismatch for the group of unskilled is much higher than for the group of skilled and that this mismatch has increased in the last years. The specific Beveridge curves point to motivation problems as reasons for this mismatch. By reducing the high vacancy rate for the group of unskilled the total unemployment rate may be decreased by 0.5 percentage points.

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    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1044.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: May 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1044
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    1. Krugman, Paul R., 2000. "Technology, trade and factor prices," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 51-71, February.
    2. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, July.
    3. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J, 1986. "Wage Setting, Unemployment, and Insider-Outsider Relations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 235-39, May.
    4. Jackman, R & Roper, S, 1987. "Structural Unemployment," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 49(1), pages 9-36, February.
    5. Alan S. Blinder, 1988. "The Challenge of High Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 2489, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Klodt, Henning & Maurer, Rainer & Schimmelpfennig, Axel, 1997. "Tertiarisierung in der deutschen Wirtschaft," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 959, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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