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Globalisierung der Automobilindustrie: Neue Standorte auf dem Vormarsch, traditionelle Anbieter unter Druck?

  • Peter Nunnenkamp

Der Beitrag analysiert die internationalen Produktionsverlagerungen und Investitionsverflechtungen in der Automobilindustrie, um die These zu überprüfen, dass es selbst bei der Herstellung relativ wissens- und technologieintensiver Güter zu einem nachdrängenden Wettbewerb aus Ländern mit vergleichsweise niedrigem Pro-Kopf-Einkommen gekommen ist. Die Ergebnisse sprechen – insgesamt gesehen – eher dagegen, dass die Automobilproduktion an den traditionellen Standorten bereits in der Vergangenheit durch das Vordringen neuer Anbieter stark beeinträchtigt worden ist. Der "Wettbewerb von unten" dürfte in Zukunft aber intensiver werden. The relocation of automobile production and international investment patterns of major car producers are analyzed in order to test the hypothesis that the competitive pressure resulting from countries with relatively low per capita income has increased even in the production of fairly human-capital-intensive and technologically advanced goods. Taken together, the evidence tends to reject the view that the production of automobiles in traditional locations has already suffered significantly from the emergence of new suppliers. However, competition from lower-income countries is likely to become fiercer in the future.

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Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1002.

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Length: 90 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2000
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1002
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  1. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 1998. "German direct investment in Latin America: striking peculiarities, unfounded fears, and neglected issues," Kiel Working Papers 861, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  2. Hiemenz, Ulrich (Ed.) & Gundlach, Erich (Ed.), 1994. "Regional integration in Europe and its effects on developing countries," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 794, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  3. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 1997. "Herausforderungen der Globalisierung für Brasilien," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1705, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  4. Jörg-Peter Weiß, 2000. "Die deutsche Automobilindustrie im internationalen Wettbewerb," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 67(12), pages 168-173.
  5. Marie-Claude Belis-Bergouignan & Gerard Bordenave & Yannick Lung, 2000. "Global Strategies in the Automobile Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 41-53.
  6. Gundlach, Erich & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 1997. "Labor markets in the global economy: How to prevent rising wage gaps and unemployment," Kiel Discussion Papers 305, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  7. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 1998. "Die deutsche Automobilindustrie im Prozeß der Globalisierung," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1790, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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