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Globalisierung der Automobilindustrie: Neue Standorte auf dem Vormarsch, traditionelle Anbieter unter Druck?

  • Peter Nunnenkamp

Der Beitrag analysiert die internationalen Produktionsverlagerungen und Investitionsverflechtungen in der Automobilindustrie, um die These zu überprüfen, dass es selbst bei der Herstellung relativ wissens- und technologieintensiver Güter zu einem nachdrängenden Wettbewerb aus Ländern mit vergleichsweise niedrigem Pro-Kopf-Einkommen gekommen ist. Die Ergebnisse sprechen – insgesamt gesehen – eher dagegen, dass die Automobilproduktion an den traditionellen Standorten bereits in der Vergangenheit durch das Vordringen neuer Anbieter stark beeinträchtigt worden ist. Der "Wettbewerb von unten" dürfte in Zukunft aber intensiver werden. The relocation of automobile production and international investment patterns of major car producers are analyzed in order to test the hypothesis that the competitive pressure resulting from countries with relatively low per capita income has increased even in the production of fairly human-capital-intensive and technologically advanced goods. Taken together, the evidence tends to reject the view that the production of automobiles in traditional locations has already suffered significantly from the emergence of new suppliers. However, competition from lower-income countries is likely to become fiercer in the future.

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Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 1002.

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Length: 90 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:1002
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  1. Marie-Claude Belis-Bergouignan & Gerard Bordenave & Yannick Lung, 2000. "Global Strategies in the Automobile Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 41-53.
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