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Structural Changes and Formation of Rusta-shahr in Post-Revolutionary Rural Society in Iran


  • Suzuki, Hitoshi


The following paper is based on the author's two-year research and fieldwork in Iran and examines the process of political and social changes since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 and the subsequent impact of the Iran-Iraq War of 1980-88. This paper focuses on the transition of traditional, small villages into rusta-shahr or small rural cities and the first and second nation-wide elections of shoura or councils which were the first steps toward self-government. The author is guardedly optimistic regarding this democratic process but warns of possible future social unrest if changes are not more "balanced" between cities and rural areas and if the employment needs of the burgeoning younger generation are not met, political and social consequences may be catastrophic.

Suggested Citation

  • Suzuki, Hitoshi, 2004. "Structural Changes and Formation of Rusta-shahr in Post-Revolutionary Rural Society in Iran," IDE Discussion Papers 19, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper19

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    File Function: First version, 2004
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Giuseppe Munda, 2003. "Social Multi-Criteria Evaluation (SMCE)," UHE Working papers 2003_04, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica.
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    More about this item


    Iran; Rural society (societies); Social transformation; Local election; Democratization; Politics; Rural development; Social change; Elections; イラン; 農村; 民主化; 政治; 農村開発; 社会変動; 選挙;

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