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Die Identifikation des „Wirtschaftlichen Vorteils“ in Kartellverfahren

  • Ulrich Blum
  • Michael A. Veltins

Mittels der Abschöpfung eines „Wirtschaftlichen Vorteils“ im Rahmen von Kartellstrafen sollen gleichermaßen im Sinne einer Bebußung negative Anreize für wettbewerbswidriges Handeln gesetzt und hierdurch aufgetretene Wettbewerbsvorteile ausgeglichen werden. Dabei ist die ökonomische Feststellung eines Kartells wissenschaftlich äußerst schwierig und die Möglichkeiten einer genauen Bestimmung hieraus entstandener eventueller Vorteile sind problematisch. Der Beitrag führt in die theoretischen Grundlagen der Identifikation eines wirtschaftlichen Vorteils ein, zeigt mögliche Modellformulierungen auf und wertet diese am Beispiel des aktuellen Zementverfahrens aus, um die erheblichen Probleme einer Wettbewerbsbehörde zu verdeutlichen, eine ökonomisch klare Beweisführung bereitzustellen.

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Paper provided by Halle Institute for Economic Research in its series IWH Discussion Papers with number 1.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
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Handle: RePEc:iwh:dispap:1-05
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  1. Demsetz, Harold, 1973. "Industry Structure, Market Rivalry, and Public Policy," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-9, April.
  2. Stigler, George J & Sherwin, Robert A, 1985. "The Extent of the Market," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(3), pages 555-85, October.
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  4. Spence, A Michael, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-74, August.
  5. B. Douglas Bernheim & Michael D. Whinston, 1990. "Multimarket Contact and Collusive Behavior," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 1-26, Spring.
  6. Slade, Margaret E., 1990. "Strategic pricing models and interpretation of price-war data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2-3), pages 524-537, May.
  7. Dixit, Avinash, 1980. "The Role of Investment in Entry-Deterrence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(357), pages 95-106, March.
  8. Corts, Kenneth S., 1998. "Conduct parameters and the measurement of market power," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 227-250, November.
  9. Slade, Margaret E., 1990. "Cheating on collusive agreements," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 519-543, December.
  10. Bresnahan, Timothy F, 1981. "Duopoly Models with Consistent Conjectures," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 934-45, December.
  11. Kai-Uwe Kühn, 2001. "Fighting collusion by regulating communication between firms," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 167-204, 04.
  12. McLure, Charles E, Jr, 1969. "The Inter-regional Incidence of General Regional Taxes," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 24(3), pages 457-85.
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