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How Macroeconomic Instability Lowers Child Survival

  • Patrick Guillaumont

    (CERDI Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - 65 Bvd Francois Mitterrand - BP 320 63009 CLERMONT FERRAND CEDEX 1 FR, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Catherine Korachais

    (CERDI Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - 65 Bvd Francois Mitterrand - BP 320 63009 CLERMONT FERRAND CEDEX 1 FR, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Julie Subervie

    (INRAÂ INRA MONTPELLIERÂ -Â Â FR, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

The reduction of child mortality is one of the most universally accepted Millennium goals. However, a significant debate came out on the means of reaching it and on its realism with regard to the situation of most of the least developed countries. The recommendations made for the achievement of this are mainly medical ones. However, without underestimating the importance of these measures, in particular vaccinations, it seems increasingly obvious that the rate of reduction of child mortality is mainly determined by the evolution of macroeconomic environment. The influence of per capita income level on mortality is frequently underlined. But a given income growth does not have the same effect on child survival whether it is stable or unstable. Indeed, rises and falls of income probably have asymmetrical effects on mortality. The purpose of this analysis is precisely to show how macroeconomic instability influences the evolution of child mortality. The analysis is based on a panel sample of 97 developing countries over the period 1980-1999. The effect of exogenous shocks is first examined through a variable of income instability. The study of the relation is then deepened with "primary stabilities": instability of world agricultural commodity prices, instability of exports of good and services and instability of agricultural production.

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Paper provided by Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France in its series Working Papers with number 246705.

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Length: 111-131
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Health Inequality and Development
Handle: RePEc:inr:wpaper:246705
Note: A2010.35
Contact details of provider: Postal: 4, Allée Adolphe Bobierre, CS 61103, 35011 Rennes Cedex
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  2. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Kangni Kpodar, 2005. "Financial Development, Financial Instability and Poverty," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2005-09, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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  10. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 1997. "What Can New Survey Data Tell Us about Recent Changes in Distribution and Poverty?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(2), pages 357-82, May.
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  17. Catherine KORACHAIS & Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2006. "Macroeconomic instability makes growth less pro poor, in Africa and elsewhere: A preliminary examination," Working Papers 200638, CERDI.
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  19. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Kangni Kpodar, 2011. "Financial Development and Poverty Reduction: Can There be a Benefit without a Cost?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(1), pages 143-163.
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