The modalities of territorial embeddedness of french cooperative groups
The article aims to analyse the modalities followed by French coopera-tive groups seeking to implement a territorial embeddedness process. It will at-tempt to clarify issues relating to the significance of this territorial dimension along with cooperative groupsâ€Ÿ strategies and behaviour. The text starts with a brief literature review elucidating the notion of territorial embeddedness and dis-tinguishing it from the territorial circumscription, while presenting the specificities of this concept for cooperatives. It then processes national statistics databases and comes up with a spatial topology of French cooperative groups. The second sec-tion offers a set of indicators that can be used to measure and test territorial em-beddedness, validated by a survey of 15 of Franceâ€Ÿs leading agricultural coopera-tive groups. We demonstrate that, along with geographic location and statutory perimeter of action, territorial embeddedness also reflects three other main criteria, to wit: where the agricultural cooperative runs its operations; where its members are located; and where they receive the outputs and services that they are offered. There is no doubt that cooperative groups construct territorial embeddedness on the basis of a joint activation of relationships with their members â€“ but it is just as clear that this construction varies depending on the extent of a groupâ€Ÿs integration into particular branches and markets.
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|Date of creation:||2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Territorial governance|
|Note:||Paris I, chapitre 3|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.international.inra.fr
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