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Equilibrium wage dispersion with worker and employer heterogeneity

  • Postel-Vinay

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

  • Robin

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée, INRA)

Les auteurs présentent un modèle de recherche d'équilibre s'appuyant sur la recherche d'emploi et montrent l'hétérogénéité des entreprises en terme de productivité marginale du travail et l'hétérogénéité des employés en terme de compétences. Les entreprises proposent des salaires à prendre ou à laisser en fonction de leurs caractéristiques et elles peuvent réagir aux offres d'emplois extérieurs faites à leurs employés. Le modèle structurel est défini à partir des données patronales et salariales françaises combinées. Les données liées à l'exogénéité de la distribution des salariés et des sociétés sont estimées de manière non paramétrique. Cette estimation structurale fournit une décomposition de la variance des salaires inter-employés. Il apparaît que la part de la variance du salaire expliquée par les caractéristiques individuelles des employés varie à l'intérieur des groupes de compétences. Plus précisément, cette part se situe à 40% pour les "cols blancs" hautement qualifiés, et décroît rapidement à 0% tandis que le niveau de compétence observé décroît. La contribution des imperfections du marché à la dispersion des salaires s'élève à 50%.

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Paper provided by Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France in its series Working Papers with number 155908.

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Length: 2295-2350
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Econometrica
Handle: RePEc:inr:wpaper:155908
Contact details of provider: Postal: 4, Allée Adolphe Bobierre, CS 61103, 35011 Rennes Cedex
Web page: http://www.international.inra.fr
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  1. Mortensen, D.T., 1998. "Equilibrium Unemployment with Wage Posting: Burdett-Mortensen Meet Pissarides," Papers 98-14, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
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  6. Jean-Marc ROBIN & Sébastien ROUX, 2002. "An Equilibrium Model of the Labor Market with Endogenous Capital and Two-Sided Search," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 67-68, pages 257-307.
  7. Moscarini, Giuseppe, 2001. "Excess Worker Reallocation," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(3), pages 593-612, July.
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  10. Heckman, James J & Sedlacek, Guilherme, 1985. "Heterogeneity, Aggregation, and Market Wage Functions: An Empirical Model of Self-selection in the Labor Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1077-1125, December.
  11. Postel-Vinay & Robin, 2002. "Equilibrium wage dispersion with worker and employer heterogeneity," Working Papers 155908, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  12. Heckman, James & Scheinkman, Jose, 1987. "The Importance of Bundling in a Gorman-Lancaster Model of Earnings," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 243-55, April.
  13. Bontemps, Christian & Robin, Jean-Marc & Van den Berg, Gerard J, 1999. "An Empirical Equilibrium Job Search Model with Search on the Job and Heterogeneous Workers and Firms," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(4), pages 1039-74, November.
  14. Burdett, Kenneth & Mortensen, Dale T, 1998. "Wage Differentials, Employer Size, and Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(2), pages 257-73, May.
  15. Heckman, James J & Honore, Bo E, 1990. "The Empirical Content of the Roy Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(5), pages 1121-49, September.
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  17. Burdett, Kenneth & Judd, Kenneth L, 1983. "Equilibrium Price Dispersion," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(4), pages 955-69, July.
  18. Dey, M. S. & Flinn, C. J., 2000. "An Equilibrium Model of Health Insurance Provision and Wage Determination," Working Papers 00-18, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  19. Dale T. Mortensen, 2000. "Modeling Matched Job-Worker Flows," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1493, Econometric Society.
  20. Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2002. "The Distribution of Earnings in an Equilibrium Search Model with State-Dependent Offers and Counteroffers," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(4), pages 989-1016, November.
  21. Mortensen, Dale T. & Pissarides, Christopher A., 1999. "New developments in models of search in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 39, pages 2567-2627 Elsevier.
  22. Ken Burdett & Randall Wright, 1998. "Two-Sided Search with Nontransferable Utility," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 1(1), pages 220-245, January.
  23. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  24. Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2002. "Equilibrium wage dispersion with worker and employer heterogeneity," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/dc0ckec3fcb, Sciences Po.
  25. Burdett, Kenneth & Vishwanath, Tara, 1988. "Balanced Matching and Labor Market Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 1048-65, October.
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