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The Percolation of public expenditure: Food subsidies and the Poor in India and the Philippines


  • Shikha Jha

    () (Asian Development Bank)

  • Bharat Ramaswami

    () (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi)


This paper measures the percolation of food subsidy expenditures to th e poor. The paper proposes a metric that takes into account the depth and width of income transfer. The metric is applied to food subsidy expenditures in India and Philippines. Both countries operate in-kind transfer schemes. The major findings is that neither country scores well on the percolation index...

Suggested Citation

  • Shikha Jha & Bharat Ramaswami, 2011. "The Percolation of public expenditure: Food subsidies and the Poor in India and the Philippines," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 11-14, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:isipdp:11-14

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    Cited by:

    1. David Coady & Rahul Anand & Adil Mohommad & Vimal Thakoor, 2015. "The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India," Working Papers id:6575, eSocialSciences.
    2. Mehta, Aashish & Jha, Shikha, 2012. "Corruption, food subsidies, and opacity: Evidence from the Philippines," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(3), pages 708-711.
    3. Prasad Krishnamurthy & Vikram Pathania & Sharad Tandon, 2017. "Food Price Subsidies and Nutrition: Evidence from State Reforms to India’s Public Distribution System," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66(1), pages 55-90.
    4. Andaleeb Rahman, 2014. "Revival of Rural PDS: Expansion and Outreach," Working Papers id:5796, eSocialSciences.
    5. Mehta, Aashish & Jha, Shikha, 2014. "Pilferage from opaque food subsidy programs: Theory and evidence," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 69-79.
    6. Andaleeb Rahman, 2014. "Revival of rural PDS: Expansion and outreach," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2014-012, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    7. Rahul Anand & David Coady & Adil Mohommad & Vimal V Thakoor & James P Walsh, 2013. "The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India," IMF Working Papers 13/128, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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