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Identifying targeting with nonparametric methods: An application to an Indian microfinance program

Author

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  • Rohini Somanathan

    () (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi)

  • Isha Dewan

    (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi)

Abstract

We discuss nonparametric methods and statistical tests that are appropriate to assess poverty targeting in public programs. These methods explicitly account for the possibility that the population distributions of participants and non-participants cross. Crossing points provide us with upper bounds on the income of those who have been excluded from the program. Applying these methods to data from a microfinance program in the state of Jharkhand in India, we find evidence that very poorest households are largely excluded from the program.

Suggested Citation

  • Rohini Somanathan & Isha Dewan, 2003. "Identifying targeting with nonparametric methods: An application to an Indian microfinance program," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers 03-11, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:isipdp:03-11
    as

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    File URL: http://www.isid.ac.in/~planning/workingpapers/dp03-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christina Paxson & Norbert R. Schady, 2002. "The Allocation and Impact of Social Funds: Spending on School Infrastructure in Peru," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(2), pages 297-319, August.
    2. James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith, 2004. "The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 243-298, April.
    3. Sharma, Manohar, 2000. "Microfinance," MP05 briefs 0, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Castro-Leal, Florencia & Dayton, Julia & Demery, Lionel & Mehra, Kalpana, 1999. "Public Social Spending in Africa: Do the Poor Benefit?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 49-72, February.
    5. Ravallion, Martin, 1991. "Reaching the Rural Poor through Public Employment: Arguments, Evidence, and Lessons from South Asia," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 6(2), pages 153-175, July.
    6. Xavier Giné & Pamela Jakiela & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Morduch, 2010. "Microfinance Games," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 60-95, July.
    7. Chen, Guijing & Chen, Jiahua & Chen, Yuming, 2002. "Statistical inference on comparing two distribution functions with a possible crossing point," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 329-341, December.
    8. repec:pri:rpdevs:morduch_microfinance_poor is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • O22 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis

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