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Public Policies and Private Savings and Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa; An Empirical Investigation


  • Dhaneshwar Ghura
  • Michael T. Hadjimichael


This paper assesses empirically the role of public policies in stimulating private savings and investment in sub-Saharan African countries, based on data for the period 1986-92. The main findings of the analysis are as follows: (i) policies effective in stimulating private savings and investment include those that keep the rate of inflation low, reduce macroeconomic uncertainty, promote financial deepening, and lower the external debt burden; (ii) measures that promote structural reforms and reduce the budget deficit (without lowering government investment) help to raise private investment; and (iii) declines in government savings are only partially offset by increases in private savings.

Suggested Citation

  • Dhaneshwar Ghura & Michael T. Hadjimichael, 1995. "Public Policies and Private Savings and Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa; An Empirical Investigation," IMF Working Papers 95/19, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:95/19

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    Cited by:

    1. Yongzheng Yang & Robert Powell & Sanjeev Gupta, 2005. "The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa," IMF Working Papers 05/179, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Sanogo, Issa & Gyengani, Zakaria, 2008. "Private investment in guinea, does macro-instability matter? A comparative analysis," MPRA Paper 11606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Malefane, Malefa Rose & Odhiambo, Nicholas M., 2018. "Impact Of Trade Openness On Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence From South Africa," Working Papers 23654, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    4. Schmidt-Hebbel, K. & Serven, L., 1997. "Saving Across the World: Puzzles and Policies," World Bank - Discussion Papers 354, World Bank.
    5. Cáceres, Luis René, 1997. "La relación de largo plazo entre el ahorro y la inversión en la América Latina," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(255), pages 305-317, julio-sep.
    6. Devarajan, Shantayanan & Easterley, William R. & Pack, Howard, 2001. "Is investment in Africa too low or too high : macro and micro evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2519, The World Bank.
    7. repec:pje:journl:article10i is not listed on IDEAS


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