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Supply-Side Effects of Disinflation Programs

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  • Jorge Roldos

Abstract

This paper focuses on the short-run and long-run supply-side effects of disinflation programs in a two-sector economy. Fixing the exchange rate reduces the wedge between the return on foreign assets and that on domestic capital, leading to an increase in the latter. After an initial real exchange rate appreciation and increase in the production of nontradables—due to a consumption boom—the new capital is gradually installed in the tradable sector. During this transitional period, further real appreciation takes place—as the expansion of the tradable sector pulls labor away from the nontradable sector—together with investment-driven deficits in the current account. We conclude that when appreciation and deficits are due to supply-side rigidities, rather than to credibility and/or price stickiness, no further policies (i.e., capital controls, incomes policies) are advisable.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Roldos, 1994. "Supply-Side Effects of Disinflation Programs," IMF Working Papers 94/84, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:94/84
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    Cited by:

    1. Lahiri, Amartya, 2001. "Exchange rate based stabilizations under real frictions: The role of endogenous labor supply," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1157-1177, August.
    2. Carlos Humberto Cardona & Adriana Pontón & Eduardo Sarmiento, 1998. "Evidencia sobre las Desinflaciones: Experiencia Internacional," Borradores de Economia 102, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Amartya Lahiri, 1996. "Disinflation Programs Under Policy Uncertainty: Insights for Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization Programs," UCLA Economics Working Papers 761, UCLA Department of Economics.
    4. Amartya Lahiri, 1996. "Macroeconomic Effects of Devaluation Rate Changes: Dynamic implications under alternative regimes of capital mobility," UCLA Economics Working Papers 760, UCLA Department of Economics.

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