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Currency Substitution; The Recent Experience of Bolivia

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  • Benedict J. Clements
  • Gerd Schwartz

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of currency substitution in Bolivia in the period following the 1984/85 hyperinflation. We find that expected exchange rate depreciation and actual interest rate differentials between boliviano and dollar deposits in the Bolivian banking system are statistically significant determinants of the degree of currency substitution. However, the explanatory power of these variables is low compared to variables that measure the degree of inertia in the currency substitution process. Thus, further reductions in inflation or higher interest rates for boliviano bank deposits are likely to have but a small effect on dollarization.

Suggested Citation

  • Benedict J. Clements & Gerd Schwartz, 1992. "Currency Substitution; The Recent Experience of Bolivia," IMF Working Papers 92/65, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:92/65
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Adeniji, Sesan, 2013. "Investigating the Relationship between Currency Substitution, Exchange Rate and Inflation in Nigeria: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach," MPRA Paper 52551, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Dec 2013.
    2. Alami, Tarik H., 2001. "Currency substitution versus dollarization: A portfolio balance model," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 473-479, May.
    3. Calvo, Guillermo & Vegh, Carlos, 1992. "Currency Substitution in Developing Countries: An Introduction," MPRA Paper 20338, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Luis Arce Catacora, 2001. "Incertidumbre y dolarización en Bolivia," Revista de Análisis del BCB, Banco Central de Bolivia, vol. 4(2), pages 31-56, December.
    5. Pere Gomis-Porqueras & Carlos Serrano & Alejandro Somuano, 2005. "Dollar-denominated accounts in Latin America during the 1990s," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 29(2), pages 259-270, June.
    6. Steven B. Kamin & Neil R. Ericsson, 1993. "Dollarization in Argentina," International Finance Discussion Papers 460, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Yinusa, Dauda Olalekan, 2008. "Between dollarization and exchange rate volatility: Nigeria's portfolio diversification option," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 811-826.
    8. Alberto Giovannini & Bart Turtelboom, 1992. "Currency Substitution," NBER Working Papers 4232, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Batista, Paulo Nogueira, 1993. "Crisis monetaria, dolarización y tipo de cambio," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    10. Kem Reat Viseth, 2001. "Currency Substitution and Financial Sector Developments in Cambodia," International and Development Economics Working Papers idec01-4, International and Development Economics.
    11. Kari Heimonen, 2006. "The Dynamics of Currency Substitution: Evidence from UK Foreign Currency Balances," International Journal of Business and Economics, College of Business and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 5(1), pages 61-74, April.
    12. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney, 1994. "La politique économique en présence de substitution de monnaies," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 349-368.

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