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Digging Deeper--Evidence on the Effects of Macroprudential Policies from a New Database


  • Zohair Alam
  • Adrian Alter
  • Jesse Eiseman
  • R. G Gelos
  • Heedon Kang
  • Machiko Narita
  • Erlend Nier
  • Naixi Wang


This paper introduces a new comprehensive database of macroprudential policies, which combines information from various sources and covers 134 countries from January 1990 to December 2016. Using these data, we first confirm that loan-targeted instruments have a significant impact on household credit, and a milder, dampening effect on consumption. Next, we exploit novel numerical information on loan-to-value (LTV) limits using a propensity-score-based method to address endogeneity concerns. The results point to economically significant and nonlinear effects, with a declining impact for larger tightening measures. Moreover, the initial LTV level appears to matter; when LTV limits are already tight, the effects of additional tightening on credit is dampened while those on consumption are strengthened.

Suggested Citation

  • Zohair Alam & Adrian Alter & Jesse Eiseman & R. G Gelos & Heedon Kang & Machiko Narita & Erlend Nier & Naixi Wang, 2019. "Digging Deeper--Evidence on the Effects of Macroprudential Policies from a New Database," IMF Working Papers 19/66, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:19/66

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    Cited by:

    1. Schüler, Yves S. & Hiebert, Paul P. & Peltonen, Tuomas A., 2020. "Financial cycles: Characterisation and real-time measurement," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    2. Adrian Alter & Jane Dokko & Dulani Seneviratne, 2018. "House Price Synchronicity, Banking Integration, and Global Financial Conditions," IMF Working Papers 18/250, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Nadezhda Ivanova & Mikhail Andreev & Andrey Sinyakov & Ivan Shevchuk, 2019. "Review of Bank of Russia Conference on ‘Macroprudential Policy Effectiveness: Theory and Practice’," Russian Journal of Money and Finance, Bank of Russia, vol. 78(3), pages 89-121, September.
    4. Soyoung Kim & Aaron Mehrotra, 2019. "Examining macroprudential policy and its macroeconomic effects - some new evidence," BIS Working Papers 825, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Előd Takáts & Judit Temesvary, 2019. "How does the interaction of macroprudential and monetary policies affect cross-border bank lending?," BIS Working Papers 782, Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Sjoerd van Bekkum & Marc Gabarro & Rustom M. Irani & José-Luis Peydró, 2019. "Take it to the Limit? The Effects of Household Leverage Caps," Working Papers 1132, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    7. Maria Chiara Cavalleri & Boris Cournède & Volker Ziemann, 2019. "Housing markets and macroeconomic risks," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1555, OECD Publishing.
    8. Kim, Jihae & Kim, Soyoung & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2019. "Macroprudential policy in Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    9. Budnik, Katarzyna & Rünstler, Gerhard, 2020. "Identifying SVARs from sparse narrative instruments: dynamic effects of U.S. macroprudential policies," Working Paper Series 2353, European Central Bank.
    10. Demekas, Dimitri G., 2019. "Building an effective financial stability policy framework: lessons from the post-crisis decade," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 100483, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.


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