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Factors Influencing Emerging Market Central Banks’ Decision to Intervene in Foreign Exchange Markets

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  • Matthew S Malloy

Abstract

Using panel data for 15 economies from 2001-12, I identify determinants of central bank foreign exchange intervention in emerging markets (“EMs”) with flexible to moderately managed exchange rates. Similar to other studies, I find that central banks tend to “lean against the wind,” buying/selling more foreign exchange in response to greater short-run and medium-run appreciation/depreciation pressures. The panel structure provides a framework to test whether other macroeconomic variables influence the different rates of reserve accumulation between economies. In testing other variables, I find evidence of both precautionary and external competitiveness motives for reserve accumulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthew S Malloy, 2013. "Factors Influencing Emerging Market Central Banks’ Decision to Intervene in Foreign Exchange Markets," IMF Working Papers 13/70, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:13/70
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Almekinders, Geert J. & Eijffinger, Sylvester C. W., 1996. "A friction model of daily Bundesbank and Federal Reserve intervention," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(8), pages 1365-1380, September.
    2. Maurice Obstfeld & Jay C. Shambaugh & Alan M. Taylor, 2010. "Financial Stability, the Trilemma, and International Reserves," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 57-94, April.
    3. repec:syd:wpaper:99-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Kim, Suk-Joong & Sheen, Jeffrey, 2004. "Central Bank Interventions in the Yen-Dollar Spot Market," Working Papers 4, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthew Canzoneri & Robert Cumby, 2014. "Optimal Exchange Intervention in an Inflation Targeting Regime: Some Cautionary Tales," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 429-450, July.
    2. Jaroslava Durčáková & Ondřej Šíma, 2013. "BRICS: Exchange Rate policy in Context of Internal and External Equilibrium," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2013(4), pages 7-29.
    3. Kyoungsoo Yoon & Jayoung Kim, 2015. "Costs of Foreign Capital Flows in Emerging Market Economies: Unexpected Economic Growth and Increased Financial Market Volatility," Working Papers 2015-21, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    4. Ahmed, Shaghil & Zlate, Andrei, 2014. "Capital flows to emerging market economies: A brave new world?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PB), pages 221-248.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International reserves; Foreign exchange intervention; Foreign exchange; exchange rate; reserve adequacy; foreign exchange reserves; exchange reserves;

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