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Taxation, Bank Leverage, and Financial Crises

Author

Listed:
  • Ruud A. de Mooij
  • Michael Keen
  • Masanori Orihara

Abstract

That most corporate tax systems favor debt over equity finance is now widely recognized as, potentially, amplifying risks to financial stability. This paper makes a first attempt to explore, empirically, the link between this tax bias and the probability of financial crisis. It finds that greater tax bias is associated with significantly higher aggregate bank leverage, and that this in turn is associated with a significantly greater chance of crisis. The implication is that tax bias makes crises much more likely, and, conversely, that the welfare gains from policies to alleviate it can be substantial—far greater than previous studies, which have ignored financial stability considerations, suggest.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruud A. de Mooij & Michael Keen & Masanori Orihara, 2013. "Taxation, Bank Leverage, and Financial Crises," IMF Working Papers 13/48, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:13/48
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Rocco Huang & Lev Ratnovski, 2009. "Why Are Canadian Banks More Resilient?," IMF Working Papers 09/152, International Monetary Fund.
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    6. Slemrod, Joel, 2009. "Lessons for Tax Policy in the Great Recession," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 62(3), pages 387-397, September.
    7. Thomas Hemmelgarn & Gaetan Nicodeme, 2010. "The 2008 Financial Crisis and Taxation Policy," Taxation Papers 20, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    8. Feld, Lars P. & Heckemeyer, Jost H. & Overesch, Michael, 2013. "Capital structure choice and company taxation: A meta-study," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2850-2866.
    9. repec:nsr:niesrd:351 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Michael Keen, 2011. "Rethinking the Taxation of the Financial Sector ," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 57(1), pages 1-24, March.
    11. Gordon, Roger H., 2010. "Taxation and Corporate Use of Debt: Implications for Tax Policy," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 63(1), pages 151-174, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giovanna Nicodano & Luca Regis, 2014. "Complex organizations, tax policy and financial stability," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 359, Collegio Carlo Alberto, revised 2015.
    2. repec:eee:finsta:v:31:y:2017:i:c:p:81-92 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:jaecon:v:63:y:2017:i:2:p:307-328 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:480-495 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jerome Creel & Paul Hubert & Fabien Labondance, 2015. "The intertwining of financialisation and financial instability," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2015-14, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    6. Hebous, Shafik & Ruf, Martin, 2017. "Evaluating the effects of ACE systems on multinational debt financing and investment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 131-149.
    7. Yun Luo & Sailesh Tanna, 2014. "Taxation and bank risk-taking," Chapters,in: Taxing Banks Fairly, chapter 2, pages 31-53 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Sebastian Gechert & Rafael Mentges, 2017. "Financial Cycles and fiscal multipliers," FMM Working Paper 04-2017, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    9. repec:wfo:wstudy:47219 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Cappelletti, Giuseppe & Guazzarotti, Giovanni & Tommasino, Pietro, 2017. "The stock market effects of a securities transaction tax: Quasi-experimental evidence from Italy," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 81-92.
    11. Franziska Bremus & Kirsten Schmidt & Lena Tonzer, 2018. "Interactions between Regulatory and Corporate Taxes: How Is Bank Leverage Affected?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1757, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    12. Bremus, Franziska & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2018. "Interactions between regulatory and corporate taxes: How is bank leverage affected?," IWH Discussion Papers 16/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

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