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Fragmentation and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Author

Listed:
  • Ali J Al-Eyd
  • Pelin Berkmen

Abstract

The ECB has taken a range of actions to address bank funding problems, eliminate excessive risk in sovereign markets, and safeguard monetary transmission. But euro area financial markets have remained fragmented, driving retail interest rates in stressed markets far above those in the core. This has impeded the flow of credit and undermined the transmission of monetary policy. Analysis presented here indicates that the credit channel of monetary policy has broken down during the crisis, particularly in stressed markets, and that SMEs in these economies appear to be most affected by elevated lending rates.Given these stresses, the ECB can undertake additional targeted policy measures, including through additional term loans, collateral policies, and private asset purchases.

Suggested Citation

  • Ali J Al-Eyd & Pelin Berkmen, 2013. "Fragmentation and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area," IMF Working Papers 13/208, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:13/208
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
    2. Linzert, Tobias & Abbassi, Puriya, 2011. "The effectiveness of monetary policy in steering money market rates during the recent financial crisis," Working Paper Series 1328, European Central Bank.
    3. Philippine Cour-Thimann & Bernhard Winkler, 2012. "The ECB’s non-standard monetary policy measures: the role of institutional factors and financial structure," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(4), pages 765-803, WINTER.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Céline Antonin & Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Fabien Labondance & Vincent Touze & Paul Hubert, 2014. "Comment lutter contre la fragmentation du système bancaire de la zone euro: Etude spéciale," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7986np0ssj9, Sciences Po.
    2. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:232-248 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Bouvatier, Vincent & Delatte, Anne-Laure, 2015. "Waves of international banking integration: A tale of regional differences," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 354-373.
    4. Buchholz, Manuel & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Do conventional monetary policy instruments matter in unconventional times?," IWH Discussion Papers 12/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    5. João Leão & Ana Martins & João Gonçalves, 2014. "Financiamento da Economia Portuguesa: um Obstáculo ao Crescimento?," GEE Papers 0052, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised Nov 2014.
    6. Bahar Öztürk & Mico Mrkaic, 2014. "SMEs’ Access to Finance in the Euro Area; What Helps or Hampers?," IMF Working Papers 14/78, International Monetary Fund.
    7. repec:voj:journl:v:63:y:2016:i:4:p:455-473 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Boris Blagov & Michael Funke & Richhild Moessner, 2015. "Modelling the time-variation in euro area lending spreads," BIS Working Papers 526, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Andries, Natalia & Billon, Steve, 2016. "Retail bank interest rate pass-through in the euro area: An empirical survey," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 170-194.
    10. Nyborg, Kjell G., 2017. "Central bank collateral frameworks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 198-214.
    11. repec:ksa:szemle:1751 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:taf:apeclt:v:24:y:2017:i:2:p:107-112 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:taf:applec:v:49:y:2017:i:46:p:4679-4703 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Leo de Haan & Jan Willem van den End & Philip Vermeulen, 2017. "Lenders on the storm of wholesale funding shocks: saved by the central bank?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(46), pages 4679-4703, October.
    15. António Afonso & Jorge Silva, 2017. "Determinants of nonresident government debt ownership," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 107-112, January.
    16. M. de Sola Perea & Ch. Van Nieuwenhuyze, 2014. "Financial integration and fragmentation in the euro area," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 99-125, June.
    17. Céline Antonin & Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Paul Hubert & Fabien Labondance & Vincent Touzé, 2014. "Comment lutter contre la fragmentation du système bancaire de la zone euro ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 171-219.
    18. Theo Kiriazidis, 2016. "National State Aid within the Banking Union (BU) and the Hard Core: Periphery Financial Divide," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 6(5), pages 1-4.

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