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Capital Regulation, Liquidity Requirements and Taxation in a Dynamic Model of Banking

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  • Gianni De Nicolo
  • Andrea Gamba
  • Marcella Lucchetta

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of bank regulation and taxation in a dynamic model with banks exposed to credit and liquidity risk. We find an inverted U-shaped relationship between capital requirements and bank lending, efficiency, and welfare, with their benefits turning into costs beyond a certain requirement threshold. By contrast, liquidity requirements reduce lending, efficiency and welfare significantly. The costs of high capital and liquidity requirements represent a lower bound on the benefits of these regulations in abating systemic risks. On taxation, corporate income taxes generate higher government revenues and entail lower efficiency and welfare costs than taxes on non-deposit liabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Gianni De Nicolo & Andrea Gamba & Marcella Lucchetta, 2012. "Capital Regulation, Liquidity Requirements and Taxation in a Dynamic Model of Banking," IMF Working Papers 12/72, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/72
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    Cited by:

    1. Gazi Kara & S. Mehmet Ozsoy, 2016. "Bank regulation under fire sale externalities," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-026, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Popoyan, Lilit & Napoletano, Mauro & Roventini, Andrea, 2017. "Taming macroeconomic instability: Monetary and macro-prudential policy interactions in an agent-based model," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 117-140.
    3. Andreas Haufler & Ian Wooton, 2016. "Cross-Border Banking in Regulated Markets: Is Financial Integration Desirable?," CESifo Working Paper Series 6150, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Lakshmi Balasubramanyan, 2011. "The Impact of Concurrent Capital and Liquidity Requirements," NFI Working Papers 2011-WP-25, Indiana State University, Scott College of Business, Networks Financial Institute.
    5. de la Torre, Augusto & Ize, Alain, 2013. "The foundations of macroprudential regulation : a conceptual roadmap," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6575, The World Bank.
    6. Natalie Tiernan & Pedro Gete, 2014. "Overlending and Macroprudential Tools," 2014 Meeting Papers 379, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. Liu, Keqing, 2016. "Bank equity and macroprudential policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 1-17.
    8. Corbae, Dean & D'Erasmo, Pablo, 2014. "Capital requirements in a quantitative model of banking industry dynamics," Working Papers 14-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    9. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2014. "The burden of bank taxation: corporate income tax vs. bank levy," Chapters,in: Taxing Banks Fairly, chapter 4, pages 73-89 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Stijn Claessens, 2015. "An Overview of Macroprudential Policy Tools," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 7(1), pages 397-422, December.
    11. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Olena Havrylchyk, 2017. "Incidence of Bank Levy and Bank Market Power," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(3), pages 1023-1046.
    12. Sajid M. Chaudhry & Andrew W. Mullineux & Natasha Agarwal, 2015. "Balancing the Regulation and Taxation of Banking," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 16668, April.
    13. Cordella, Tito & Pienknagura, Samuel, 2013. "Macro prudential policies from a micro prudential angle," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6721, The World Bank.
    14. Schmaltz, Christian & Pokutta, Sebastian & Heidorn, Thomas & Andrae, Silvio, 2014. "How to make regulators and shareholders happy under Basel III," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 311-325.
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    16. Buch, Claudia M. & Hilberg, Björn & Tonzer, Lena, 2016. "Taxing banks: An evaluation of the German bank levy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 52-66.
    17. Haufler, Andreas & Wooton, Ian, 2015. "Capital regulation and trade in banking services," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113056, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    18. Esa Jokivuolle & Ilkka Kiema & Timo Vesala, 2014. "Why Do We Need Countercyclical Capital Requirements?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 46(1), pages 55-76, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic models; Capital; Bank regulations; Credit risk; Liquidity; Taxation; Bank Regulation; Dynamic Banking Model; capital regulation; banking; capital requirement; bank capital; deposit insurance; Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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