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Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy; Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases


  • Pritha Mitra
  • Ruben V Atoyan


Ukraine’s gas pricing policy subsidizes gas and heating for all households. As the cost of imported gas rises, this policy increasingly weighs on government finances, sustains energy over-consumption, dampens investment in delivery systems, and undermines incentives for domestic production. However, gas price hikes have been deferred to the medium-term as they are politically unpopular. Through estimation of household demand functions by income quintiles to evaluate the distributional consequences of tarrif reform, this paper finds that tariff reforms combined with targeted social support can address the economic inefficiencies of the current pricing policy without large welfare costs to the lower income segments of the population.

Suggested Citation

  • Pritha Mitra & Ruben V Atoyan, 2012. "Ukraine Gas Pricing Policy; Distributional Consequences of Tariff Increases," IMF Working Papers 12/247, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/247

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lutz Kilian, 2008. "The Economic Effects of Energy Price Shocks," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 46(4), pages 871-909, December.
    2. Bentzen, Jan & Engsted, Tom, 1993. "Short- and long-run elasticities in energy demand : A cointegration approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 9-16, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Plante, Michael, 2014. "The long-run macroeconomic impacts of fuel subsidies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 129-143.
    2. Krauss, Alexander, 2016. "How natural gas tariff increases can influence poverty: Results, measurement constraints and bias," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 244-254.
    3. Grainger,Corbett Alden & Zhang,Fan & Schreiber,Andrew William, 2015. "Distributional impacts of energy cross-subsidization in transition economies : evidence from Belarus," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7385, The World Bank.


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