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The Eastern Caribbean Currency Union; Would a Fiscal Insurance Mechanism Mitigate National Income Shocks?

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  • Paul Cashin
  • Antonio Lemus

Abstract

This paper studies the nature of the shocks affecting the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU), and examines whether a hypothetical Eastern Caribbean fiscal insurance mechanism could insure member countries of the union against asymmetric national income shocks. The empirical results suggest that a one dollar reduction in an ECCU member country's per capita personal income could trigger, through reduced income taxes and increased transfers, flows equivalent to about 7 percent of the initial income shock. Each member of the currency union could benefit as well, although the extent of shock mitigation differs across individual countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Cashin & Antonio Lemus, 2012. "The Eastern Caribbean Currency Union; Would a Fiscal Insurance Mechanism Mitigate National Income Shocks?," IMF Working Papers 12/17, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/17
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    File URL: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=25656
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jules-Armand Tapsoba, 2009. "West African Monetary Integration and Interstates Risk-Sharing," Post-Print hal-00460111, HAL.
    2. Pierfederico Asdrubali & Bent E. Sørensen & Oved Yosha, 1996. "Channels of Interstate Risk Sharing: United States 1963–1990," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(4), pages 1081-1110.
    3. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto & Spolaore, Enrico, 1995. "Togetheror separately? Issues on the costs and benefits of political and fiscal unions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 751-758, April.
    4. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Carmen Díaz-Roldán, 2005. "Characterizing macroeconomic shocks in the CEECs," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 227-234, December.
    5. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Carmen Díaz-Roldán, 2007. "Vulnerability to Shocks in EMU: 1991–2004 (in English)," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 57(5-6), pages 225-234, August.
    6. Carmen Díaz-Roldán & Oscar Bajo-Rubio, "undated". "Vulnerability to Shocks in EMU: 1991-2004," Working Papers on International Economics and Finance 05-08, FEDEA.
    7. Emilio Pineda & Paul Cashin & Yan M Sun, 2009. "Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union," IMF Working Papers 09/78, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Davide Furceri, 2004. "Does the EMU Need a Fiscal Transfer Mechanism?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(3), pages 418-428.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian Sosa & Paul Cashin, 2009. "Macroeconomic Fluctuations in the Caribbean; The Role of Climatic and External Shocks," IMF Working Papers 09/159, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Juliana Dutra Araujo, 2009. "Fiscal Cycles in the Caribbean," IMF Working Papers 09/158, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Evridiki Tsounta, 2008. "What Attracts Tourists to Paradise?," IMF Working Papers 08/277, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Handler, Heinz, 2013. "The eurozone: piecemeal approach to an optimum currency area," MPRA Paper 67183, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Goohoon Kwon & Raphael A Espinoza, 2009. "Regional Financial Integration in the Caribbean; Evidence From Financial and Macroeconomic Data," IMF Working Papers 09/139, International Monetary Fund.

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