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Price Subsidies and the Conduct of Monetary Policy

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  • Nooman Rebei
  • Mohamed Safouane Ben Aissa

Abstract

This paper investigates optimized monetary policy rules in the presence of government intervention to stabilize prices of certain categories of goods and services. The paper estimates a small-scale, structural equilibrium model with a sticky-price sector and a subsidized price sector for a large number of countries using Bayesian methods. The main result of this paper is that strict headline inflation targeting could be outperformed by sectoral inflation targeting, output gap stabilization, or a combination of these. In addition, several country cases exhibit lower performance of both headline and core inflation stabilization, the two most common policies in modern central banks' practices. For practical monetary policy design, we numerically identify country specific thresholds for the degree of government intervention in price setting under which core inflation targeting turns out to be the optimal choice in the context of implementable Taylor rules.

Suggested Citation

  • Nooman Rebei & Mohamed Safouane Ben Aissa, 2012. "Price Subsidies and the Conduct of Monetary Policy," IMF Working Papers 12/15, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Plante, Michael, 2014. "The long-run macroeconomic impacts of fuel subsidies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 129-143.
    2. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Mohamed Tahar Benkhodja, 2014. "The Dutch disease effect in a high versus low oil dependent countries," Post-Print hal-01385965, HAL.
    3. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Mohamed Benkhodja & Tovonony Razafindrabe, 2018. "Monetary Policy, Oil Stabilization Fund and the Dutch Disease," Working Papers hal-01796312, HAL.
    4. repec:inu:caeprp:2013002 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic models; Monetary policy; Inflation targeting; Sticky prices; Taylor rules; optimal monetary policy; general equilibrium; government subsidies; Bayesian estimation; inflation; inflation rates; monetary economics; General Aggregative Models;

    JEL classification:

    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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