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Welfare Effects of Monetary Integration; The Common Monetary Area and Beyond

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  • Tamon Asonuma
  • Xavier Debrun
  • Paul R Masson

Abstract

This paper proposes a quantitative assessment of the welfare effects arising from the Common Monetary Area (CMA) and an array of broader grouping among Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. Model simulations suggest that (i) participating in the CMA benefits all members; (ii) joining the CMA individually is beneficial for all SADC members except Angola, Mauritius and Tanzania; (iii) creating a symmetric CMA-wide monetary union with a regional central bank carries some costs in terms of foregone anti-inflationary credibility; and (iv) SADC-wide symmetric monetary union continues to be beneficial for all except Mauritius, although the gains for existing CMA members are likely to be limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Tamon Asonuma & Xavier Debrun & Paul R Masson, 2012. "Welfare Effects of Monetary Integration; The Common Monetary Area and Beyond," IMF Working Papers 12/136, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/136
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cobham, David & Robson, Peter, 1994. "Monetary integration in Africa: A deliberately European perspective," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 285-299, March.
    2. Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, 2002. "ìNew" Views on the Optimum Currency Area Theory: What is EMU Telling US?," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002 140, Royal Economic Society.
    3. Jacques Mélitz, 1991. "Brussels on a single money," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 323-336, October.
    4. Axel Boersch-Supan, 1999. "Incentive Effects of Social Security Under an Uncertain Disability Option," NBER Working Papers 7339, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. John Hawkins & Paul Masson, 2003. "Economic aspects of regional currency areas and the use of foreign currencies," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.),Regional currency areas and the use of foreign currencies, volume 17, pages 4-42, Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Alberto Alesina & Robert J. Barro & Silvana Tenreyro, 2003. "Optimal Currency Areas," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2002, Volume 17, pages 301-356, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Martin, Philippe, 1995. "Free-riding, convergence and two-speed monetary unification in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1345-1364, August.
    8. Debrun, Xavier, 2001. "Bargaining over EMU vs. EMS: Why Might the ECB Be the Twin Sister of the Bundesbank?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(473), pages 566-590, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nchake, Mamello A. & Edwards, Lawrence & Rankin, Neil, 2018. "Closer monetary union and product market integration in emerging economies: Evidence from the Common Monetary Area in Southern Africa," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 154-164.
    2. Abban, Stanley, 2020. "The Prospect of the Proposed Currency Union on Intra-regional Trade: Southern African Customs Union," MPRA Paper 103123, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mulatu F. Zehirun & Marthinus C. Breitenbach & Francis Kemegue, 2014. "Monetary Integration in SADC: Assessment of Policy Coordination and Real Effective Exchange Rate Stability," Working Papers 201473, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    4. Naftaly Mose & Jane Kaboro, 2019. "Does Inflation Rate Convergence Spur Exchange Rate Volatility? Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," Asian Journal of Economic Modelling, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 7(2), pages 95-109, June.
    5. Emilio Sacerdoti, 2020. "Unioni monetarie che utilizzano il franco CFA e prospettive per un'unione monetaria in Africa dell?Est: un'analisi dei benefici dell'unione monetaria, e la questione della fissità del tasso di cambio ," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 73(289), pages 33-55.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic indicators; Southern African Development Community; Welfare; monetary policy; inflation; central bank; monetary union; monetary area;

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