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Determinants of Credit Growth and Interest Margins in the Philippines and Asia

  • Tatum Blaise Pua Tan
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    Despite robust deposit growth, credit growth has been sluggish in the Philippines. We attribute this to legacy weaknesses in bank balance sheets, consumption-led economic growth, and relatively high net interest margins. Bank-level analysis suggests that interest margins in the Philippines rise with bank size, bank capitalization, foreign ownership, overhead costs and tax rates. Using bank-level data for a number of Asian economies, we find that higher growth, lower inflation, higher reserve requirements, greater banking sector development, smaller stock market development and lower government deficits reduce net interest margins, informing the policy debate on strengthening financial intermediation in the Philippines.

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    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 12/123.

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    Length: 25
    Date of creation: 01 May 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:12/123
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    1. Demirguc, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 1999. "Determinants of Commercial Bank Interest Margins and Profitability: Some International Evidence," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 379-408, May.
    2. Guilherme Jonas Costa da Silva & José Luís Oreiro & Luiz Fernando de Paula & Rogério Sobreira, 2007. "Macroeconomic Determinants Of Banking Spread In Brazil: An Empirical Evaluation," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 098, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. M S Mohanty & Gert Schnabel & Pablo Garcia-Luna, 2006. "Banks and aggregate credit: what is new?," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The banking system in emerging economies: how much progress has been made?, volume 28, pages 11-39 Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Ahmet AYSAN & Cagri HUSNU DALGIC & Murat DEMIRCI, . "Macroeconomic, Sector Specific and Bank Specific Determinants of Net Interest Rate Margin: What Matters More For An Emerging Market Economy?," EcoMod2010 259600015, EcoMod.
    5. M. Idrees Khawaja & Musleh-Ud Din, 2007. "Determinants of Interest Spread in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 46(2), pages 129-143.
    6. Kaiguo Zhou & Michael C. S. Wong, 2008. "The Determinants of Net Interest Margins of Commercial Banks in Mainland China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 44(5), pages 41-53, September.
    7. Claeys, Sophie & Vander Vennet, Rudi, 2008. "Determinants of bank interest margins in Central and Eastern Europe: A comparison with the West," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 197-216, June.
    8. Guilherme Jonas Costa da Silva & José Luís Oreiro & Luiz Fernando de Paula, 2007. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Bank Spread in Brazil: An Empirical Evaluation," Working Papers 0066, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
    9. David Tennant & Abiodun Folawewo, 2009. "Macroeconomic and market determinants of interest rate spreads in low- and middle-income countries," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(6), pages 489-507.
    10. May Y. Khamis & Plamen Iossifov, 2009. "Credit Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa; Sources, Risks, and Policy Responses," IMF Working Papers 09/180, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Raphael A. Espinoza & Ananthakrishnan Prasad, 2010. "Nonperforming Loans in the GCC Banking System and their Macroeconomic Effects," IMF Working Papers 10/224, International Monetary Fund.
    12. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2000. "Financial structure and bank profitability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2430, The World Bank.
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