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Creditless Recoveries


  • Abdul d Abiad
  • Giovanni Dell'Ariccia
  • Grace B Li


Recoveries that occur in the absence of credit growth are often dubbed miracles and named after mythical creatures. Yet these are not rare animals, and are not always miracles. About one out of five recoveries is "creditless", and average growth during these episodes is about a third lower than during "normal" recoveries. Aggregate and sectoral data suggest that impaired financial intermediation is the culprit. Creditless recoveries are more common after banking crises and credit booms. Furthermore, sectors more dependent on external finance grow relatively less and more financially dependent activities (such as investment) are curtailed more during creditless recoveries.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdul d Abiad & Giovanni Dell'Ariccia & Grace B Li, 2011. "Creditless Recoveries," IMF Working Papers 11/58, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:11/58

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jordà, Òscar & Schularick, Moritz & Taylor, Alan M., 2011. "When Credit Bites Back: Leverage, Business Cycles, and Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 8678, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Dimelis, Sophia & Giotopoulos, Ioannis & Louri, Helen, 2015. "Can firms grow without credit?: evidence from the Euro Area, 2005-2011: a quantile panel analysis," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 61157, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Teimouri, Sheida & Dutta, Nabamita, 2016. "Investment and bank credit recovery after banking crises," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 306-327.
    4. van Bekkum, Sjoerd, 2016. "Ireland’s 2010 EU/IMF intervention: Costs and benefits," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 175-183.
    5. Jens Weidmann, 2012. "Managing macroprudential and monetary policy - a challenge for central banks," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    6. Stefan Ingves, 2012. "Experiences with the ESRB - the view from within and relation to other policy areas," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    7. Grjebine, Thomas & Szczerbowicz, Urszula & Tripier, Fabien, 2018. "Corporate debt structure and economic recoveries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 77-100.
    8. Natasha X Che & Yoko Shinagawa, 2014. "Financial Soundness Indicators and the Characteristics of Financial Cycles," IMF Working Papers 14/14, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Forte, Antonio, 2012. "Italy after the crisis: a case of recoveryless credit growth," MPRA Paper 35775, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Florin Teodor Boldeanu & Ileana Tache, 2016. "The Financial System of the EU and the Capital Markets Union," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 59-70.
    11. Alberto Giovannini, 2012. "Is there progress in financial reform?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    12. Hermann Remsperger & Stephen G. Cecchetti & Stefan Ingves & Alberto Giovannini & Jens Weidmann & Alexandros Vardoulakis & Stefano Neri & Jürgen Stark & Elod Takáts & Christian Upper & Claudia M. Buch , 2012. "The ESRB at 1," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2012/4 edited by Stefan Gerlach & Ernest Gnan & Jens Ulbrich.
    13. Fábián, Gergely & Fáykiss, Péter & Szigel, Gábor, 2012. "Toolkit for stimulating corporate lending," MPRA Paper 40336, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Alexey Ponomarenko & Anna Rozhkova & Sergei Seleznev, 2017. "Macro-financial linkages: the role of liquidity dependence," Bank of Russia Working Paper Series wps24, Bank of Russia.
    15. Hermann Remsperger, 2012. "Opening Remarks," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    16. Florin Teodor Boldeanu & Ileana Tache, 2015. "The Financial System of the EU and the Capital Markets Union," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 41-51.
    17. repec:eee:moneco:v:88:y:2017:i:c:p:15-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Juselius, Mikael & Drehmann, Mathias, 2016. "Leverage dynamics and the burden of debt," Research Discussion Papers 3/2016, Bank of Finland.
    19. Stephen G. Cecchetti, 2012. "Measuring Systemic Risk," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    20. Alexandros Vardoulakis, 2012. "Financial regulation in general equilibrium," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    21. Andrés, Javier & Arce, Óscar & Thomas, Carlos, 2017. "Structural reforms in a debt overhang," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 15-34.
    22. Stefano Neri, 2012. "Financial intermediation and the real economy:implications for monetary and macroprudential policies," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    23. Ernest Gnan & Stefan Gerlach & Jens Ulbrich, 2012. "The ESRB at 1 - An Introduction," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    24. Jürgen Stark, 2012. "Macro-prudential supervision and financial integration - the ESRB at 1," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    25. Olteanu, Dan, 2014. "Creditless Recovery In Eastern Europe," Working Papers of National Institute of Economic Research 141212, National Institute of Economic Research.

    More about this item


    Banking crisis; Credit cycles; credit crunch; financial dependence; banking; banking crises; recessions; recession; Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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