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Inflation Differentials in the GCC; Does the Oil Cycle Matter?

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  • Oral Williams
  • Kamiar Mohaddes

Abstract

This paper uses a pairwise approach to investigate the main factors that have been driving inflation differentials in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region for the past two decades. The results suggest that inflation differentials in the GCC are largely influenced by the oil cycle, mainly through the credit and fiscal channels. This implies that closer coordination of fiscal policies will be key for facilitating the closer integration of the GCC economies and ahead of the move to a monetary union. The results also indicate that after controlling for cyclical factors, convergence increased even during the recent oil boom.

Suggested Citation

  • Oral Williams & Kamiar Mohaddes, 2011. "Inflation Differentials in the GCC; Does the Oil Cycle Matter?," IMF Working Papers 11/294, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:11/294
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    Cited by:

    1. Cashin, Paul & Mohaddes, Kamiar & Raissi, Maziar & Raissi, Mehdi, 2014. "The differential effects of oil demand and supply shocks on the global economy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 113-134.
    2. Kamiar Mohaddes & Oral H. Williams, 2013. "Inflation Differentials In The Gcc: Does The Oil Cycle Matter?," Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(02), pages 1-23.
    3. Kamiar Mohaddes & Mehdi Raissi, 2015. "The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy," IMF Working Papers 15/259, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Jamal Bouoiyour & Refk Selmi, 2015. "GCC countries and the nexus between exchange rate and oil price: What wavelet decomposition reveals?," International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 55-70.
    5. Cashin, P. & Mohaddes, K. & Raissi, M., 2012. "The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1250, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    6. Kandil Magda & Mirzaie Ida A., 2017. "Iran’s Inflationary Experience: Demand Pressures, External Shocks, and Supply Constraints," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, pages 1-19.
    7. Abbas Ali Abounoori & Rafik Nazarian & Ashkan Amiri, 2014. "Oil Price Pass-Through into Domestic Inflation: The Case of Iran," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(4), pages 662-669.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oil prices; Oil revenues; Oil sector; Inflation differentials; convergence; panel data; pairwise approach; monetary union; Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.; inflation; inflation rates; monetary fund; price level;

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