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Public Expenditureson Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

  • Emanuele Baldacci
  • Ding Ding
  • David Coady
  • Giovanni Callegari
  • Pietro Tommasino
  • Jaejoon Woo
  • Manmohan S. Kumar

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship between the savings rate and social expenditures for a panel of OECD countries and provides illustrative estimates of their implications for China. It then applies a generational accounting framework to Chinese household income survey data. This analysis suggests that a sustained 1 percent of GDP increase in public expenditures, distributed equally across education, health, and pensions, would result in a permanent increase the household consumption ratio of 1¼ percentage points of GDP.

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Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 10/69.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/69
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