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Workers’ Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate; Theory and Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Ralph Chami
  • Adolfo Barajas
  • Peter J Montiel
  • Dalia S Hakura

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of workers’ remittances on equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) in recipient economies. Using a small open economy model, it shows that standard "Dutch Disease" results of appreciation are substantially weakened or even overturned depending on: degree of openness; factor mobility between domestic sectors; counter cyclicality of remittances; the share of consumption in tradables; and the sensitivity of a country’s risk premium to remittance flows. Panel cointegration techniques on a large set of countries provide support for these analytical results, and show that ERER appreciation in response to sustained remittance flows tends to be quantitatively small.

Suggested Citation

  • Ralph Chami & Adolfo Barajas & Peter J Montiel & Dalia S Hakura, 2010. "Workers’ Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate; Theory and Evidence," IMF Working Papers 10/287, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/287
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano & Giovanni Peri & Greg C. Wright, 2016. "Immigration, Offshoring, and American Jobs," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: The Economics of International Migration, chapter 4, pages 117-151 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Nuru Giritli & Sevin Ugural, 2012. "A custom made CGE Model for an isolated, politically non-recognized small island economy: Exogenous income shock to the North Cyprus Economy," EcoMod2012 4282, EcoMod.
    3. Gazi M. Hassan & Mark J. Holmes, 2016. "Do Remittances Facilitate a Sustainable Current Account?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(11), pages 1834-1853, November.
    4. Balli, Faruk & Rana, Faisal, 2015. "Determinants of risk sharing through remittances," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 107-116.
    5. Abdih, Yasser & Chami, Ralph & Dagher, Jihad & Montiel, Peter, 2012. "Remittances and Institutions: Are Remittances a Curse?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 657-666.
    6. Gazi M. Hassan & Mark J. Holmes, 2013. "Remittances and the real effective exchange rate," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(35), pages 4959-4970, December.
    7. repec:rej:journl:v:20:y:2017:i:63:p:29-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Marcus H. Böhme & Sarah Kups, 2017. "The economic effects of labour immigration in developing countries: A literature review," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 335, OECD Publishing.
    9. Peter J. Montiel & Luis Servén, 2008. "Real Exchange Rates, Saving and Growth: Is there a Link?," Department of Economics Working Papers 2010-18, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    10. Immaculate Machasio, 2016. "Do Remittance Flows Stabilize Developing Countries in the aftermath of Sovereign Defaults?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201639, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    11. repec:eee:jmacro:v:52:y:2017:i:c:p:147-174 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Christian H Ebeke & Boileau Loko & Arina Viseth, 2014. "Credit Quality in Developing Economies; Remittances to the Rescue?," IMF Working Papers 14/144, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Nizar, Muhammad Afdi, 2014. "Pengaruh Aliran Masuk Devisa Tenaga Kerja (Workers’ Remittances) Terhadap Nilai Tukar Rupiah
      [The Effect of Workers’ Remittances on Exchange Rates of Rupiah]
      ," MPRA Paper 65728, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Abida Zouheir & Imen Mohamed Sghaier, 2014. "Remittances, Financial Development and Economic Growth: The Case of North African Countries," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 17(51), pages 137-170, March.
    15. Eromenko, Igor, 2016. "Do Remittances Cause Dutch Disease in Resource Poor Countries of Central Asia?," MPRA Paper 74965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Christian Ebeke & Thierry Yogo Urbain, 2013. "Working Paper 185 - Remittances and the Voter Turnout in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Macro and Micro Level Data," Working Paper Series 989, African Development Bank.
    17. International Monetary Fund, 2013. "Philippines; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 13/103, International Monetary Fund.
    18. Augustine C. Osigwe & Kenneth O. Obi, 2016. "Modelling the impacts of remittances on real exchange rate of Nigeria's Naira," African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 1-11.
    19. Adolfo Barajas & Ralph Chami & Christian H Ebeke & Anne Oeking, 2016. "What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?," IMF Working Papers 16/44, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital inflows; Developing countries; Economic models; Exchange rate appreciation; Real effective exchange rates; Foreign exchange; Low-income developing countries; International finance; Workers remittances; Worker’s remittances; equilibrium real exchange rate; low-income countries; exchange rate; remittances; real exchange rate; remittance; workers ? remittances;

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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