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Financial Contagion Through Bank Deleveraging; Stylized Facts and Simulations Applied to the Financial Crisis

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  • Thierry Tressel

Abstract

The financial crisis has highlighted the importance of various channels of financial contagion across countries. This paper first presents stylized facts of international banking activities during the crisis. It then describes a simple model of financial contagion based on bank balance sheet identities and behavioral assumptions of deleveraging. Cascade effects can be triggered by bank losses or contractions of interbank lending activities. As a result of shocks on assets or on liabilities of banks, a global deleveraging of international banking activities can occur. Simple simulations are presented to illustrate the use of the model and the relative importance of contagion channels, relying on bank losses of advanced countries’ banking systems during the financial crisis to calibrate the shock. The outcome of the simulations is compared with the deleveraging observed during the crisis suggesting that leverage is a major determinant of financial contagion.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Tressel, 2010. "Financial Contagion Through Bank Deleveraging; Stylized Facts and Simulations Applied to the Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 10/236, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/236
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nicola Cetorelli & Linda S. Goldberg, 2008. "Banking globalization, monetary transmission, and the lending channel," Staff Reports 333, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    2. Stolz, Stéphanie Marie & Wedow, Michael, 2010. "Extraordinary measures in extraordinary times – Public measures in support of the financial sector in the EU and the United States," Occasional Paper Series 117, European Central Bank.
    3. Nicola Cetorelli & Linda S Goldberg, 2011. "Global Banks and International Shock Transmission: Evidence from the Crisis," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 59(1), pages 41-76, April.
    4. Stephan Danninger & Irina Tytell & Ravi Balakrishnan & Selim Elekdag, 2009. "The Transmission of Financial Stress from Advanced to Emerging Economies," IMF Working Papers 09/133, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eugenio Cerutti & Stijn Claessens & Patrick McGuire, 2012. "Systemic Risks in Global Banking: What Available Data Can Tell Us and What More Data Are Needed?," NBER Chapters,in: Risk Topography: Systemic Risk and Macro Modeling, pages 235-260 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Kallestrup, René & Lando, David & Murgoci, Agatha, 2016. "Financial sector linkages and the dynamics of bank and sovereign credit spreads," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 374-393.
    3. Elisabetta Croci Angelini & Francesco Farina & Enzo Valentini, 2016. "Contagion across Eurozone’s sovereign spreads and the Core-Periphery divide," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 197-213, February.
    4. von Furstenberg, George M., 2011. "Contingent capital to strengthen the private safety net for financial institutions: Cocos to the rescue?," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2011,01, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Douglas Sutherland & Peter Hoeller & Rossana Merola & Volker Ziemann, 2012. "Debt and Macroeconomic Stability," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1003, OECD Publishing.
    6. Antonio Rubia Serrano & Lidia Sanchis-Marco, 2015. "Measuring Tail-Risk Cross-Country Exposures in the Banking Industry," Working Papers. Serie AD 2015-01, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    7. Nicolas Arregui & Mohamed Norat & Antonio Pancorbo & Jodi G. Scarlata & Eija Holttinen & Fabiana Melo & Jay Surti & Christopher Wilson & Rodolfo Wehrhahn & Mamoru Yanase, 2013. "Addressing Interconnectedness; Concepts and Prudential Tools," IMF Working Papers 13/199, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Alessandro Schiavone, 2018. "Estimating the contagion effect through the portfolio channel using a network approach," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 429, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Ahrend, Rudiger & Goujard, Antoine, 2015. "Global banking, global crises? The role of the bank balance-sheet channel for the transmission of financial crises," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 253-279.
    10. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:484-505 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial contagion; International finance; Deleveraging; Funding Shocks; Network Analysis; claims; banking; banking system; banking statistics; banking systems; International Policy Coordination and Transmission;

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