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Islamic Banking; How Has it Diffused?

Author

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  • Patrick A. Imam
  • Kangni R Kpodar

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of the pattern of Islamic bank diffusion around the world using country-level data for 1992 - 2006. The analysis illustrates that income per capita, share of Muslims in the population and status as an oil producer are linked to the development of Islamic banking, as are economic integration with Middle Eastern countries and proximity to Islamic financial centers. Interest rates have a negative impact on Islamic banking, reflecting the implicit benchmark for Islamic banks. The quality of institutions does not matter, probably because the often higher hurdle set by Shariah law trumps the quality of local institutions in most countries. The 9/11 attacks were not important to the diffusion of Islamic banking; but they coincided with rising oil prices, which are a significant factor in the diffusion of Islamic banking. Islamic banks also appear to be complements to, rather than substitutes for, conventional banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick A. Imam & Kangni R Kpodar, 2010. "Islamic Banking; How Has it Diffused?," IMF Working Papers 10/195, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/195
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Martin Čihák & Heiko Hesse, 2010. "Islamic Banks and Financial Stability: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 38(2), pages 95-113, December.
    2. Thorsten Beck & Ross Levine, 2003. "Legal institutions and financial development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3136, The World Bank.
    3. Marcus Noland, 2003. "Religion, Culture, and Economic Performance," Working Paper Series WP03-8, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Taher, Farid B., 2013. "Financial Stability of Islamic and Conventional Banks in Saudi Arabia: Evidence using Pooled and Panel Models," MPRA Paper 54472, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Dec 2013.
    2. Albert Spalding & Eun-Jung Kim, 2015. "Should Western Corporations Ban the Use of Shari’a Arbitration Clauses in their Commercial Contracts?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 132(3), pages 613-626, December.
    3. Baele, Lieven & Farooq, Moazzam & Ongena, Steven, 2014. "Of religion and redemption: Evidence from default on Islamic loans," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 141-159.
    4. repec:eee:ecmode:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:300-306 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Wassim RAJHI & Slim A. HASSAIRI, 2013. "Islamic Banks And Financial Stability: A Comparative Empirical Analysis Between Mena And Southeast Asian Countries," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 149-177.
    6. Paolo Giudici & Shatha Hashem, 2015. "Systemic risk of Islamic Banks," DEM Working Papers Series 103, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
    7. Pejman Abedifar & Philip Molyneux & Amine Tarazi, 2013. "Risk in Islamic Banking," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 17(6), pages 2035-2096.
    8. Cagri S. Kumru & Saran Sarntisart, 2013. "Implications of Alternative Banking Systems," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2013-601, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
    9. Pejman Abedifar & Shahid M. Ebrahim & Philip Molyneux & Amine Tarazi, 2015. "Islamic Banking And Finance: Recent Empirical Literature And Directions For Future Research," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 637-670, September.
    10. Enrique A Gelbard & Mumtaz Hussain & Rodolfo Maino & Yibin Mu & Etienne B Yehoue, 2014. "Islamic Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa; Status and Prospects," IMF Working Papers 14/149, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Sandrine Kablan & Ouidad Yousfi, 2015. "Performance of Islamic Banks across the World: An Empirical Analysis over the Period 2001-2008," International Journal of Empirical Finance, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 27-46.
    12. Cuneyt Dumrul & Yasemin Dumrul, 2015. "Price-Money Relationship after Infl ation Targeting: Co-integration Test with Structural Breaks for Turkey and Brazil," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 701-708.
    13. Baele, L. & Farooq, M. & Ongena, S., 2012. "Of Religion and Redemption : Evidence from Default on Islamic Loans (Replaces CentER DP 2010-136)," Discussion Paper 2012-014, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    14. In W Song & Carel Oosthuizen, 2014. "Islamic Banking Regulation and Supervision; Survey Results and Challenges," IMF Working Papers 14/220, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Serhan Cevik & Joshua Charap, 2015. "The Behavior of Conventional and Islamic Bank Deposit Returns in Malaysia and Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 111-124.
    16. Moazzam Farooq & Sweder van Wijnbergen & Sajjad Zaheer, 2015. "Will Islamic Banking make the World less risky? An Empirical Analysis of Capital Structure, Risk Shifting and Financial Stability," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-051/VI/DSF92, Tinbergen Institute.
    17. Elmawazini, Khaled & Khiyar, Khiyar Abdalla & Al Galfy, Ahmad & Aydilek, Asiye, 2015. "Types of banking institutions and economic growth: An endogenous growth model," Economics Discussion Papers 2015-61, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    18. Hassan Ghassan & Stefano Fachin & Abdelkarim Guendouz, 2013. "Financial Stability of Islamic and Conventional Banks in Saudi Arabia: a Time Series Analysis," DSS Empirical Economics and Econometrics Working Papers Series 2013/1, Centre for Empirical Economics and Econometrics, Department of Statistics, "Sapienza" University of Rome.
    19. Ghassan, Hassan B. & Fachin, Stefano, 2016. "Time series analysis of financial stability of banks: Evidence from Saudi Arabia," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 3-17.
    20. Saeed Al-Muharrami & Daniel C Hardy, 2013. "Cooperative and Islamic Banks; What can they Learn from Each Other?," IMF Working Papers 13/184, International Monetary Fund.
    21. Mariam El Hamiani Khatat, 2016. "Monetary Policy in the Presence of Islamic Banking," IMF Working Papers 16/72, International Monetary Fund.
    22. Alfred Kammer & Mohamed Norat & Marco Pinon & Ananthakrishnan Prasad & Christopher M Towe & Zeine Zeidane, 2015. "Islamic Finance; Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options," IMF Staff Discussion Notes 15/5, International Monetary Fund.
    23. Giorgio Gomel & Angelo Cicogna & Domenico De Falco & Marco Valerio Della Penna & Lorenzo Di Bona De Sarzana & Angela Di Maria & Patrizia Di Natale & Alessandra Freni & Sergio Masciantonio & Giacomo Od, 2010. "Islamic finance and conventional financial systems. Market trends, supervisory perspectives and implications for central banking activity," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 73, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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