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Is Exchange Rate Stabilization an Appropriate Cure for the Dutch Disease?

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  • Juan Pablo Medina Guzman
  • Ruy Lama

Abstract

This paper evaluates how successful is a policy of exchange rate stabilization to counteract the negative effects of a Dutch Disease episode. We consider a small open economy model that incorporates nominal rigidities and a learning-by-doing externality in the tradable sector. The paper shows that leaning against an appreciated exchange rate can prevent an inefficient loss of tradable output but at the cost of generating a misallocation of resources in other sectors of the economy. The paper also finds that welfare is a decreasing function of exchange rate intervention. These results suggest that stabilizing the nominal exchange rate in response to a Dutch Disease episode is highly distortionary.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Pablo Medina Guzman & Ruy Lama, 2010. "Is Exchange Rate Stabilization an Appropriate Cure for the Dutch Disease?," IMF Working Papers 10/182, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/182
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dutch disease; Foreign exchange; Monetary policy; Learning-by-doing; Small open economy; exchange rate; exchange rate intervention; real exchange rate; open economy; commodity prices; Open Economy Macroeconomics;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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