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The Global Credit Crunch and Foreign Banks’ Lending to Emerging Markets; Why Did Latin America Fare Better?

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  • Kulwant Rai
  • Herman Kamil

Abstract

The recent global financial turmoil raised questions about the stability of foreign banks' financing to emerging market countries. While foreign banks' lending growth to most emerging market regions contracted sharply, lending to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) was significantly more resilient. Analyzing detailed BIS data on global banks' lending to LAC countries-whether extended directly by their headquarters abroad or by their local affiliates in host countries-we show that the propagation of the global credit crunch was significantly more muted in countries where most of foreign banks' lending was channeled in domestic currency. We also show that foreign banks' involvement in LAC has differed in fundamental ways from that in other regions, with most of their lending to LAC conducted by their local subsidiaries, denominated in domestic currency and funded from a domestic deposit base. These characteristics help explain why LAC has not been struck as hard as other emerging markets by the global deleveraging and pullback in foreign banks' lending.

Suggested Citation

  • Kulwant Rai & Herman Kamil, 2010. "The Global Credit Crunch and Foreign Banks’ Lending to Emerging Markets; Why Did Latin America Fare Better?," IMF Working Papers 10/102, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:10/102
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Siregar, Reza & Wihardja, Monica, 2013. "Fragile Balance of Payment in Indonesia in the Midst of Recent Global Economic Uncertainties," MPRA Paper 49027, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Cetorelli, Nicola & Goldberg, Linda S., 2012. "Liquidity management of U.S. global banks: Internal capital markets in the great recession," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 299-311.
    3. Eugenio Cerutti & Stijn Claessens & Patrick McGuire, 2012. "Systemic Risks in Global Banking: What Available Data Can Tell Us and What More Data Are Needed?," NBER Chapters,in: Risk Topography: Systemic Risk and Macro Modeling, pages 235-260 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. repec:chb:bcchni:v:20:y:2017:i:3:p:102-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Imran, Kashif & Nishat, Mohammed, 2013. "Determinants of bank credit in Pakistan: A supply side approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 384-390.
    6. Hoggarth, Glenn & Hooley, John & Korniyenko, Yevgeniya, 2013. "Financial Stability Paper No 22: Which way do foreign branches sway? Evidence from the recent UK domestic credit cycle," Bank of England Financial Stability Papers 22, Bank of England.
    7. Jeon, Bang Nam & Olivero, María Pía & Wu, Ji, 2013. "Multinational banking and the international transmission of financial shocks: Evidence from foreign bank subsidiaries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 952-972.
    8. Gozgor, Giray, 2014. "Determinants of domestic credit levels in emerging markets: The role of external factors," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 1-18.
    9. Eugenio Cerutti & Stijn Claessens, 2017. "The Great Cross-Border Bank Deleveraging: Supply Constraints and Intra-Group Frictions," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(1), pages 201-236.
    10. Dungey, Mardi & Gajurel, Dinesh, 2015. "Contagion and banking crisis – International evidence for 2007–2009," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 271-283.
    11. Cull, Robert & Martínez Pería, María Soledad, 2013. "Bank ownership and lending patterns during the 2008–2009 financial crisis: Evidence from Latin America and Eastern Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4861-4878.
    12. Andrzej Stopczynski, 2011. "The Need for an Enhanced Role of Local Supervisors and Shareholder Oversight," Chapters,in: Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Pontines, Victor & Siregar, Reza Y., 2014. "How should we bank with foreigners? An empirical assessment of lending behavior of international banks to six East Asian economies," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 552-568.
    14. Clarke, George R.G. & Cull, Robert & Kisunko, Gregory, 2012. "External finance and firm survival in the aftermath of the crisis: Evidence from Eastern Europe and Central Asia," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 372-392.
    15. Cerutti, Eugenio, 2015. "Drivers of cross-border banking exposures during the crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 340-357.
    16. Pesce, Antonio, 2014. "International (spillovers in) macrofinancial linkages and the decoupling phenomenon," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PA), pages 41-67.

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