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Fiscal Stimulus to the Rescue? Short-Run Benefits and Potential Long-Run Costs of Fiscal Deficits

  • Douglas Laxton
  • Dirk Muir
  • Michael Kumhof
  • Susanna Mursula
  • Charles Freedman

This paper uses the IMF''s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model to compute shortrun multipliers of fiscal stimulus measures and long-run crowding-out effects of higher debt. Multipliers of two-year stimulus range from 0.2 to 2.2 depending on the fiscal instrument, the extent of monetary accommodation and the presence of a financial accelerator mechanism. A permanent 0.5 percentage point increase in the U.S. deficit to GDP ratio raises the U.S. tax burden and world real interest rates in the long run, thereby reducing U.S. and rest of the world output by 0.3-0.6 and 0.2 percent, respectively.

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Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 09/255.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/255
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