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Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy with Limited Asset Market Participation

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  • Sven Jari Stehn

Abstract

This paper characterises the jointly optimal monetary and fiscal stabilisation policy in a new Keynesian model that allows for consumers who lacking access to asset markets consume their disposable income each period. With full asset market participation, the optimal policy relies entirely on the interest rate to stabilise cost-push shocks and government expenditure is not changed. When asset market participation is limited, there is a case for fiscal stabilisation policy. Active use of public spending raises aggregate welfare because it enables a more balanced distribution of the stabilisation burden across asset-holding and non-asset-holding consumers. The optimal response of government expenditure is sensitive to the financing scheme and whether the policymaker has access to a targeted transfer that can directly redistribute resources between consumers.

Suggested Citation

  • Sven Jari Stehn, 2009. "Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy with Limited Asset Market Participation," IMF Working Papers 09/137, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/137
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Kumhof & Huixin Bi, 2009. "Jointly Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules under Borrowing Constraints," IMF Working Papers 09/286, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Bi, Huixin & Kumhof, Michael, 2011. "Jointly optimal monetary and fiscal policy rules under liquidity constraints," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 373-389, September.

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