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Where Does the Public Sector End and the Private Sector Begin?

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  • Ian Lienert

Abstract

The boundary between the public and private sectors can be defined on the basis of ownership of institutional units. Nonmarket government-owned entities and corporations that are owned or controlled by government units belong to the public sector. “Economic ownership” is more important than majority ownership. Joint ventures, public-private partnerships, and social insurance funds (including for public employees) can be unambiguously allocated to the public or private sector on the basis of international public sector accounting standards. Boundary problems within the public sector are just as acute as those between the public and private sectors, mainly because of ambiguities in distinguishing “market” from “nonmarket” activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Ian Lienert, 2009. "Where Does the Public Sector End and the Private Sector Begin?," IMF Working Papers 09/122, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/122
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    File URL: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=23003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jón R. Blöndal, 2006. "Market-type Mechanisms and the Provision of Public Services," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 5(1), pages 79-106.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alina Averchenkova & Florence Crick & Adriana Kocornik-Mina & Hayley Leck & Swenja Surminski, 2015. "Multinational corporations and climate adaptation – Are we asking the right questions? A review of current knowledge and a new research perspective," GRI Working Papers 183, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.

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