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Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone; The Role of Institutions

Author

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  • Dhaneshwar Ghura
  • Kangni R Kpodar
  • Raju J Singh

Abstract

During the 1980s and early 1990s many Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries undertook reforms to promote financial sector deepening. Nevertheless, financial sectors in SSA countries remain among the shallowest in the world and, within Sub-Saharan Africa, financial depth in the CFA franc zone is even more limited. This paper sets out to investigate empirically factors that may explain why financial depth in the CFA franc zone is shallower than in the rest of SSA using panel data for a sample of 40 countries for 1992-2006. The results indicate that the gap in financial development between the CFA franc zone countries and the rest of SSA can be explained by differences in institutional quality (e.g., availability of credit information, and strength and enforcement of property rights), variables that policy makers can influence.

Suggested Citation

  • Dhaneshwar Ghura & Kangni R Kpodar & Raju J Singh, 2009. "Financial Deepening in the CFA Franc Zone; The Role of Institutions," IMF Working Papers 09/113, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:09/113
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice Asongu & John C. Anyanwu & Vanessa S. Tchamyou, 2017. "Technology-driven information sharing and conditional financial development in Africa," Working Papers 17/010, African Governance and Development Institute..
    2. Asongu, Simplice A., 2017. "The effect of reducing information asymmetry on loan price and quantity in the African banking industry," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 185-197.
    3. Asongu, Simplice & Anyanwu, John & Tchamyou, Vanessa, 2016. "Information sharing and conditional financial development in Africa," MPRA Paper 74653, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Asongu, Simplice & Nwachukwu, Jacinta, 2017. "Building Knowledge Economies in Africa: A Survey of Policies and Strategies," MPRA Paper 81701, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:taf:wjabxx:v:18:y:2017:i:1:p:24-49 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Christelle Meniago & Simplice Asongu, 2018. "Revisiting the Finance-Inequality Nexus in a Panel of African Countries," Working Papers 18/014, African Governance and Development Institute..
    7. Raju Jan Singh & Yifei Huang, 2015. "Financial Deepening, Property Rights, and Poverty: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Banking and Financial Economics, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 1(3), pages 130-151, May.
    8. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2017. "At what levels of financial development does information sharing matter?," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, December.
    9. Marc G Quintyn & Genevieve Verdier, 2010. "Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening; A Political Institutionsview," IMF Working Papers 10/210, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Asongu, Simplice & Raheem, Ibrahim & Tchamyou, Venessa, 2016. "Information Asymmetry and Financial Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 77310, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Simplice Asongu & Sara Le Roux, 2016. "Reducing Information Asymmetry with ICT: A critical review of loan price and quantity effects in Africa," Working Papers 16/024, African Governance and Development Institute..
    12. Asongu, Simplice A & Odhiambo, Nicholas M., 2018. "Information asymmetry, financialisation and financial access," Working Papers 23931, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    13. Asongu, Simplice A. & Moulin, Bertrand, 2016. "The role of ICT in reducing information asymmetry for financial access," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 202-213.
    14. Vanessa S. Tchamyou & Simplice A. Asongu, 2017. "Information Sharing and Financial Sector Development in Africa," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 24-49, January.
    15. Asongu, Simplice & Nwachukwu, Jacinta & Tchamyou, Vanessa, 2015. "Information Asymmetry and Financial Development Dynamics in Africa," MPRA Paper 68315, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2015. "Finance and Inclusive Human Development: Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 15/061, African Governance and Development Institute..
    17. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta Nwachukwu, 2017. "Information asymmetry and conditional financial sector development," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 9(4), pages 372-392, November.
    18. Kpodar, Kangni & Singh, Raju Jan, 2011. "Does financial structure matter for poverty ? evidence from developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5915, The World Bank.
    19. Asongu, Simplice & Nwachukwu, Jacinta, 2017. "Bank Size, Information Sharing and Financial Access in Africa," MPRA Paper 84046, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Hovhannes Toroyan & George C. Anayiotos, 2009. "Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development; Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 09/258, International Monetary Fund.
    21. Calixte Ahokpossi & Kareem Ismail & Sudipto Karmakar & Mesmin Koulet-Vickot, 2013. "Financial Depth in the WAEMU; Benchmarking Against Frontier SSA Countries," IMF Working Papers 13/161, International Monetary Fund.
    22. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nwachukwu, Jacinta C., 2017. "The synergy of financial sector development and information sharing in financial access: Propositions and empirical evidence," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 242-258.
    23. Antonio David & Montfort Mlachila & Ashwin Moheeput, 2014. "Does Openness Matter for Financial Development in Africa?," IMF Working Papers 14/94, International Monetary Fund.

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