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Dynamic Factor Price Equalization & International Income Convergence


  • Clinton R. Shiells
  • Joseph F. Francois


The paper develops a tractable way to incorporate the micro structure of dual models of international trade into a standard class of dynamic open-economy macro models. In the process, it develops the concept of a dynamic factor price equalization set and an integrated intertemporal equilibrium. A number of results are obtained concerning trade, growth, and income convergence. Countries with higher capital/labor ratios may stay wealthier over time, both in the transition and in the new steady state. Real shocks in one country will be transmitted to the other country through the factor markets and traded goods prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Clinton R. Shiells & Joseph F. Francois, 2008. "Dynamic Factor Price Equalization & International Income Convergence," IMF Working Papers 08/267, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:08/267

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Claustre Bajona & Timothy Kehoe, 2010. "Trade, Growth, and Convergence in a Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Model," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 13(3), pages 487-513, July.
    2. Claustre Bajona & Timothy J. Kehoe, 2006. "Demographics in dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin models: overlapping generations versus infinitely lived consumers," Staff Report 377, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    3. Manning, Richard & Markusen, James R, 1991. "National Product Functions in Comparative Steady-State Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 613-625, August.
    4. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    5. Jaume Ventura & Francesco Caselli, 2000. "A Representative Consumer Theory of Distribution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 909-926, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Partha Sen & Koji Shimomura, 2017. "Convergence and Overtaking in a Dynamic two Country Model," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 107-124, February.
    2. Sen, Partha, 2015. "Uncertain lifetimes and convergence in a two-country Heckscher–Ohlin model," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 14-20.


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