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Trade Restrictiveness in the CEMAC Region; The Case of Congo


  • Maria-Angels Oliva


Congo's vital dependence on trade for development stands in contradiction with its trade policy. As a member of the CEMAC, Congo's tariff scheme at least formally is guided by CEMAC's 1994 trade regime agreement. This paper shows CEMAC's customs code is restrictive relative to that of comparable regional integration groups. The paper also discusses a number of quantitative and qualitative barriers to trade applied by Congo that render its current regime complex, nontransparent, and relatively unpredictable, compromising efforts to develop the non-oil sector and the country's export base. Moreover, Congo's high tariffs and other taxes have not led to higher fiscal revenues, as the number of exemptions granted in recent years has surged and customs administration remains weak.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria-Angels Oliva, 2008. "Trade Restrictiveness in the CEMAC Region; The Case of Congo," IMF Working Papers 08/15, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:08/15

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Reinhart, Carmen M. & Vegh, Carlos A., 1995. "Targeting the real exchange rate: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 97-133, June.
    2. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Vegh, Carlos A., 1995. "Nominal interest rates, consumption booms, and lack of credibility: A quantitative examination," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 357-378, April.
    3. van Wijnbergen, Sweder, 1992. "Trade Reform, Policy Uncertainty, and the Current Account: A Non-Expected-Utility Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 626-633, June.
    4. Jonathan D. Ostry & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1992. "Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks: Evidence from Developing Countries," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(3), pages 495-517, September.
    5. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Reinhart, Carmen M. & Vegh, Carlos A., 1995. "Targeting the real exchange rate: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 97-133, June.
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    More about this item


    Congo; Republic of; Revenues; Nontariff barriers; Trade policy; Trade restrictions; Tariff barriers; exemptions; customs revenue; CEMAC; customs; customs value; trade regime; Congo; custom revenue;

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